FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS ABOUT THE SUBSCRIPTION SITE

To make it easier to understand the subscription site, following are my responses to frequently asked questions (click on the links to expand the sections and read my responses):

Is reviewing/studying the materials from Seperac alone sufficient to pass the exam.My response.

Response Date: June 2017

I am somewhere between a supplemental bar review course and a full bar review course. Some examinees have passed using only my materials, but most examinees use my materials to supplement their bar review (they feel overwhelmed and are looking for more pin-pointed advice on what to study). The subscription site contains everything you need for the MEE and MPT. The main thing missing from the subscription site are good MBE questions, although I have 600+ short answer MBE-type questions called Flashcard exams and I give advice on the best commercial MBE questions to use. However, I still feel that the MBE materials/advice available on the subscription site will help you significantly on the MBE. For example, the UBE MASTER OUTLINE contains 175 pages of black letter law on the 7 MBE subjects that is intended to represent the 175 graded MBE questions (meaning you won’t be blindsided by current MBE issues that receive short-shrift in other outlines). Thus, these 175 pages of content (plus another 100 pages of past MBE/MEE issues related to the MBE subjects) can essentially account for about 60-70% of your total UBE score.

Please read the Introduction section to the current UBE MASTER outline. This will give you a good explanation of how to use it. Trust the J17 UBE MASTER outline and make it your bar bible. It is highly on point, both proportionately and contextually. Thus, the new areas the MBE currently tests (e.g. Fair Housing Act) are adequately covered. I strongly believe you can pick up 5-10 MBE points just from the UBE MASTER outline’s coverage of the currently tested MBE issues (which almost all other outlines fail to appropriately cover). The UBE MASTER outline likewise covers all the perennially-tested MBE issues. For example, on my examinee form, I recently added the question “On the MBE, what percentage of MBE questions did the UBE MASTER OUTLINE fail to cover (rough estimates are fine).” To date, eleven F17 subscribers have answered the question with an average answer of 14% (meaning that according to these examinees, about 14% of the 200 MBE questions were not covered in their edition of the UBE MASTER outline). I continually refine the content and proportionality of my outline, and I expect the UBE MASTER OUTLINE to cover at least 90% of what you will see on the J17 MBE. Put simply, if you can memorize/remember the 175 pages of MBE black letter law in the outline and understand this law through the 100 pages of MBE rules built into the outline, you will be in a very good position to do well on the MBE and pass the exam.

This outline should be an excellent representation of the MBE and MEE. Aside from the black letter law sections that cover the material I expect to be tested on the upcoming exam, I also include the issues that were tested on every past released MBE and MEE exam (going back 20 years consisting of 1,600+ MBE issues and 1,300+ MEE issues). Thus, the black letter law sections of the UBE MASTER OUTLINE will appropriately tell you what to expect on the upcoming exam (both contextually and proportionally), while the built-in MBE rules and MEE issues will tell you what was tested on the past. This is about as compete a picture as you can have of the current exam. Furthermore, when you study based on the priorities, you will not be spending too much time on the past, nor too little time on the current. For example, if you study the J17 UBE MASTER outline based on priority and then consult it immediately after the MBE to see how much was missing from it – there won’t be much.

Some subscribers find the MBE Rules MP3s and the MBE Flashcard exams helpful. For example, in post-exam followups with subscribers, I ask them to specify any supplemental bar review materials, courses or tutors they used for the exam and rank them in their order of effectiveness. A subscriber with an MBE score of 137.2 on the July 2016 UBE exam told me: “Seperac (quiz, mp3s, flashcards) Kaplan Mock Exams (too easy) Adaptibar (too simplistic) Critical Flashcards (better to do them alone)” Another subscriber who passed with an MBE of 140.5 after failing with an MBE of 128.1 told me: “I would suggest that all future examinees use every portion of your site and materials and really take the time to read your website and its sections over. The advice was invaluable and helped A LOT. Literally every part of your website contributed in some way.

I strongly believe that if you follow the advice on the subscription site and can answer about 63% correct on the MBE portion of the exam, you stand an excellent chance of passing. Even NCBE has publicly stated that "MBE scores are highly related to total bar exam scores." see http://www.ncbex.org/assets/media_files/Bar-Examiner/articles/2011/800411Testing.pdf

Doing well on the MBE involves a combination of knowledge and test-taking skills (and skills require drills). Acquiring this knowledge and skill takes a lot of time – thus if you don’t have a lot of time to spend studying/practicing for the MBE, it is hard to do well on it. While study for the other components of the exam can be “abbreviated” to some extent (e.g. using my materials to abbreviate your MEE essay study or just studying certain subjects and getting lucky), MBE study really can’t be given short-shrift, nor can MBE answered be “bluffed” as with the MEE/MPT (another reason why the bar examiners rely heavily on the MBE and even use it to scale essay/MPT scores). To do well on the MBE, you should first become familiar with the law tested on past MBE questions. Thus, if you have the time, you should answer and review the 1,600 released NCBE questions. For example, to review the 1,600 released NCBE questions, it would take you about 150-200 hours to do this (assuming 1.8 minutes to read each question and 5 minutes to review each answer explanation and write a rule). For examinees that don’t have the time to do this (for example, you are following your full bar review course syllabus and using their questions or you are studying part-time), I wrote rules for these 1,600 questions (from the 1991 questions all the way up to the 2017 sample questions). A word document of these rules is 130 pages long. I also created a MBE Rules MP3 of these 1,600 questions which is about 10 hours long. While it is always better to do the question (to practice your reading comprehension and dealing with distractors), if you are short on time, this is an excellent way to acquire the black letter law behind what NCBE has tested in the past in a very efficient way. More so, these rules are prioritized based on my priorities for the upcoming exam. Therefore, the rules are broken down into 36 ranked categories (representing the 36 MBE categories in the 2017 NCBE Subject Matter outlines) to enable examinees to study the most important categories (that will contribute the most to the examinee’s MBE score) before studying the least important MBE categories. Thus, if you are very short on time, this is an excellent way to pick up the most important law in the least amount of time.

Please note that studying these rules is only one part of your overall MBE study. While the law behind past NCBE questions will give you insight into some of the legal concepts you can expect to see on the upcoming MBE, they are not always representative. For example, out of the 1,600+ released NCBE questions, there are only two questions on Double Jeopardy (1/10 of 1% of the questions). In contrast, Double Jeopardy is tested fairly frequently on the current MBE (I expect it to represent about 1% of your total MBE score). Basically, the entire area of Constitutional Protection of Accused Persons is under-represented in the released NCBE questions (it is just 3% of the 1,600 NCBE questions, but expected to be 7% of your MBE score). To cite another example, the Rule of Perpetuities (from the Real Property subcategory of Special Problems) represents about 1% of the released NCBE questions, but on the upcoming exam, I expect this subcategory to test the Fair Housing Act (of which there are no released NCBE questions) rather than the Rule of Perpetuities. Thus, if your MBE study is based only on the law behind the released NCBE MBE questions, you will be under-prepared for some areas and over-prepared for others. Accordingly, you MUST use the UBE MASTER OUTLINE in tandem with these MBE rules. The UBE MASTER OUTLINE is designed to have 25 pages of black letter law per MBE subject with each page intended to represent 1 MBE question (e.g. for Criminal Law/Procedure, 12 of the 25 pages are on the Constitutional Protection of Accused Persons making it 7% of the UBE MASTER OUTLINE since it is expected to be 7% of your MBE score). Thus, the black letter law sections of the UBE MASTER OUTLINE will appropriately tell you what to expect on the upcoming exam (both contextually and proportionally), while the built-in MBE rules will tell you what was tested on the past. This is about as compete a picture as you can have of the current MBE exam. Furthermore, when you study based on the priorities, you will not be spending too much time on the past, nor too little time on the current. Basically, you should treat the UBE MASTER OUTLINE as your study bible. If there is something in the UBE MASTER OUTLINE that you don’t understand, you need to research it to understand it. If there is something in another outline that is not in my outline, forget about it.

My site is all about efficiency. For example, to do well on the MEE, you need to review the past MEE questions. On the subscription site are all the MEE questions sorted in order of priority with extraneous info removed from the answers to make your studying more efficient. If you don’t have the time to sit and read the full MEE questions, there are MP3s of the questions to listen to while you exercise/commute. If you don’t have the time for the full MP3s, there are partial abridged MEE questions. There is also an MEE issue spotting outline that contains only the MEE questions along with the issues and a brief answer explanation. If you don’t have the time for this, there is an MP3 of it that you can listen to. If you have no time for this, you can simply review the 1,200+ MEE issues that are built into my UBE MASTER OUTLINE that are sorted by category. So whether you have a lot of study time or very little study time, you will be able to find a way to study the things you need to study.

It is not easy to explain the subscription site in a simple email so I suggest you read this page if you haven’t already:
http://www.seperac.com/subscription.php

Will your subscription site help me as a part-time studier?My response.

Response Date: June 2017

As a part-time studier, you can still pass the exam, but you need to study as efficiently as possible. For example, one domestic educated examinee failed the exam 4 times (pre-UBE scores converted to UBE): F15 UBE 243 (MBE 118.7, MEE/MPT 125); J15 UBE 230 (MBE 117.6, MEE/MPT 115); F16 UBE 263 (MBE 138.1, MEE/MPT 132); and J16 UBE 248 (MBE 128.7, MEE/MPT 118.8). For his F17 attempt, the examinee was studying part-time. The examinee subscribed on 2/1/17 (21 days before the exam) because he felt he needed to study more efficiently. When I asked how long he studied for F17, he told me: “I would say 140 hours during the 21-22 days that I had.” After passing F17, the examinee told me: “I scored a 142.5 MBE and my total score was 275.  I am going to order my essay score breakdown and can send you that info when I receive it. I was really worried about the MBE and the 25 additional experimental questions.  I also knew I had missed three (3) fairly straight forward questions.  But I guess it turned out to be okay.   Doing practice questions from various sources really helped and I think Themis' questions were very good for me as I found them to be difficult. Your outlines really saved me though.  Without it, I would have failed.  Reviewing the MBE subject outlines was an excellent recap that last week I had.   Anyways, I am happy I will never study for this again.  Thanks Joe!!!!” Please note that this examinee followed my advice to focus on the MBE and yet he still scored better on the MEE/MPT (132.5) than on any of his prior full-time attempts.

Between 2015-2016, I communicated a good bit with the examinee and told him how important the MBE was. He understood this and even saw it firsthand – of his 4 failing attempts, the only time he had good essay scores was when he scored highest on the MBE (138 MBE in F16). When I asked him what he thought of his essays on that attempt, he told me: “According to my essay score breakdown, I scored an astonishing 67 on Essay 5 which was about trusts/essays.  I remember very clearly that I thought I had absolutely bombed this question.  I had no idea what the rules were, I did not know how to even conceptualize what was going on.  I know my answer was complete garbage.  Yet, I scored a 67?  Incredible.  My second highest score was a 58 and based on the essay content and questions, I'm also questioning how I got a 58 for that one. The crazy thing is that I was within 10 points of passing which meant they had to regrade my written exam (essays and mpt) and have it reread by the original graders....yet, I will received a 67...did they confuse my essays with someone else's? CRAZY.

Interestingly, when his MBE went down to 128 in J16, his essays also went down, even though it was the J16 UBE (where 4 of the 6 MEE questions were on MBE subjects). One would think that an examinee's essays/MPTs would improve with each attempt as the examinee builds on his knowledge and learns from his mistakes. However, it seems that essay/MPT scores wax and wane depending on the MBE score. The above highlights both the unfairness of the exam and also the importance of the MBE. This examinee passed the administration that he studied for the least. Meanwhile, other examinees study 2x or 3x more and somehow fail. However,  the commonality I always see is that a high MBE score almost always leads to a pass. Doing well on the MBE is partly a function of time – if you don’t have a lot of time to spend studying/practicing for it, it is hard to do well on it. Basically, an examinee needs to know/understand at least 400-500 legal principles to do well on the MBE because each question requires you to know multiple legal principles. For example, a single intentional torts MBE question may require you to know about assault, battery, false imprisonment and IIED. Thus, examinees with limited legal knowledge will not do as well as examinees with more extensive legal knowledge. Meanwhile, the MEE only consists of 20 legal principles (give or take a few). While a deeper understanding of the law is needed, it is MUCH easier for someone to get “lucky” on the MEE than the MBE. Let’s assume that like the MBE, you need 63% correct on the MEE to pass – this means you need to correctly identify/analyze about 13/20 of the major MEE issues. If you get lucky on just a few of them (i.e. what you studied the night before luckily appears), this can account for 10-15% of your total MEE score. Other times, examinees pick up extra points on the MEE by correctly “bluffing” an answer or two. Some examinees get lucky on the MEE by studying only for the MBE and then having MBE subjects appear on the MEE (e.g. on the J16 MEE, 4/6 questions were based on MBE subjects). However, for the MBE, you really can’t get lucky on it. For example, even if some of the concepts you studied just before the exam appeared, that will only help you with maybe 2-4 questions. That’s just 2% of your MBE score. Likewise, you can’t bluff an MBE answer because the exam is key-balanced so a guess will be correct only 25% of the time. For this and other reasons, I believe an examinee’s MBE score plays an important role in whether the examinee passes or fails the exam. Thus, if you plan to study for the MBE much less than other examinees, you really can't be inefficient in your studies. The subscription site centers around a simple premise – examinees that do well on the MBE generally pass. I provide advice on how to approach the exam more effectively along with helpful materials to achieve that goal. Thus, subscribers focus heavily on the MBE and take calculated risks with their MEE/MPT study based on the advice/materials on the subscription site. Whether the subscription site will improve your MBE enough to pass, I don’t know, but with a low MBE, most examinees will find it very difficult to pass the exam.

Everything I do on the subscription site is intended to make your studying more efficient so you can put more time into MBE study and practice (because it is seriously warranted). For example, part of doing well on the MEE involves reviewing the past MEE questions. On the subscription site, you can find all the released MEE questions sorted in order of priority with the extraneous answer information removed from the answers (about 10% of the answer) to make your MEE studying more efficient. If you don’t have the time to sit and read the full MEE questions, there are MP3s of the questions to listen to while you exercise/commute. If you don’t have the time for the full MP3s, there are partially abridged MEE questions. There is also an MEE issue spotting outline that contains only the MEE questions along with the issues and a brief answer explanation. If you don’t have the time for this, there is an MP3 of this Quick Review outline that you can listen to. If you don't have the time for this, you can simply review the 1,300+ MEE issues that are built into my UBE MASTER outline and sorted by category. So whether you have a lot of study time or very little study time, the materials/information on this site will enable you to find a way to study the things you need to study.

If examinees don’t have time to make use of the other materials on the site, you can focus on only the UBE MASTER outline and my MBE, MEE and MPT strategy pages (updated/released about one month before the exam). For example, the MEE issues in the UBE MASTER outline contain links to the published MEE essay questions, so in other words, when you click the issue link, you can instantly can see the "facts" (in the questions) related to the particular issues along with the answer explanations. This is a very helpful and efficient way to study – by reading my UBE MASTER outline, you have a complete set of information: the MBE/MEE black letter law, relevant hypotheticals, rules statements based on the 1,600+ released NCBE questions, the 1,300+ prior-tested MEE issues with the related facts and relevant answers and finally, topic summaries of those MEE answers for easier memorization/regurgitation.

Some part-time subscribers find the MBE Rules MP3s and the MBE Flashcard exams helpful. For example, in post-exam followups with subscribers, I ask them to specify any supplemental bar review materials, courses or tutors they used for the exam (e.g. Adaptibar, Bestmultis, Lean Sheets, Critical Pass Flashcards) and rank them in their order of effectiveness. A subscriber with an MBE score of 137.2 on the July 2016 UBE exam told me: “Seperac (quiz, mp3s, flashcards) Kaplan Mock Exams (too easy) Adaptibar (too simplistic) Critical Flashcards (better to do them alone)”

Can I use your materials even though I am currently enrolled in a bar review?My response.

Response Date: June 2017

An examinee emailed me the following in May 2017:

I found your site by mere coincidence on a Barbri v. Pieper blog. I must admit I am very intrigued by your SEPERAC method of Bar Prep. Currently, I am enrolled in Barbri Bar Prep. Today is actually Day 3, and already I have noticed that the classroom videos will not work for me because I find it more beneficial to watch the videos at my own pace, in order to grasp the material, take notes, and understand key concepts. So far I have been going to class only to come home to rewatch the videos, and take my own extensive notes. As a result, I am extremely sleep deprived and feel unproductive by going to class. Instead, when I get home I should be reviewing outlines and doing practice questions, not rewatching a video. Thus, Ive decided not to continue to go to the classroom videos, and instead watch on my own, still within the same schedule and in school because I like the accountability and discipline which that routine creates. Now, obviously I have some reservations, mainly I want to know if signing up for your Bar course is not recommended when a student is already taking another Bar Prep course such as Barbri. I think my main concern is whether I will have sufficient time to cover ideally both course materials (Barbri and yours) so that I can maximize my chances of passing. In other words, is you bar course supplemental or a full Bar course? And since you collect so much data, I guess a good way to answer this question is how previous students have done using both secular Bar course plus your bar course, and what was their opinion? Did they feel overwhelmed by the material? Where they able to cover at least 70% of both?

To answer the question, I reached out to a February 2017 subscriber who was enrolled in Barbri while also using my subscription site to prepare for the February 2017 UBE exam (he passed the February 2017 NY UBE exam with an MBE of 146.9 after failing the July 2016 NY UBE exam with an MBE of 136). The examinee’s response is below in bold.

I found your site by mere coincidence on a Barbri v. Pieper blog. Funny coincidence. I found Seperac the same way; one of those JD blog websites. So, I went through the same journey when I was researching bar prep courses. Be careful, the more you research and read comments, the more confusing it gets. I must have read (and written) hundreds of course comparisons and discussions. Unfortunately, it took me a while to finally realize the incredible value of Seperac’s website. The tips, tricks, research and conclusions you find in there you won’t find anywhere else. Not even in the lectures.

I must admit I am very intrigued by your SEPERAC method of Bar Prep. Currently, I am enrolled in Barbri Bar Prep. Today is actually Day 3, and already I have noticed that the classroom videos will not work for me because I find it more beneficial to watch the videos at my own pace, in order to grasp the material, take notes, and understand key concepts. I think it’s great you already know what type of learner you are. BTW, I watched Barbri’s lectures live too but from home. Good news is no distractions from other students. The bad news is you pause and break too much at home (unnecessarily) more than you should. As a result, your class goes from 3 hours to 4-5 hours all of the sudden. Was my biggest handicap. Later in the game, I found out listening to short MBE rules (Seperac’s mp3s) was more practical, more effective and less time consuming for me in terms of mastering the MBE part of the exam. Essentially it is cutting to the chase and simply master the most critical info required from you for the bar. On the other hand, with lectures, there is a lot of chit-chat going on which distract you from the real task at hand i.e. mastering the MBE.  

So far I have been going to class only to come home to rewatch the videos, and take my own extensive notes. Your method sounds like the Pieper method. The professor (I think a single guy gives all lectures/subjects) slowly dictates and students handwrite/type every single word and so forth. This is a monumental waste of time. You end up spending 2X than with a typical bar prep class such as Barbri (keep in mind it is already wasteful to sit for these classes). The big issue here is that such time is then taken away from your MBE practice (most powerful tool in your studies). So essentially, if you re-watch Barbri’s lectures, you are essentially spending the same amount of time as you would with Pieper but probably with worst results.

As a result, I am extremely sleep deprived and feel unproductive by going to class. Instead, when I get home I should be reviewing outlines and doing practice questions, not rewatching a video. You’re absolutely correct. Look, in terms of watching Barbri’s (or any other bar prep) lectures here’s my takeaway: unless the professor is super funny, likeable, eloquent, and extremely remarkable such as Prof. Franzese (Real Prop) or Prof. Freer (Civ Pro/Corps) and MAYBE Prof. Schechter (Torts), you will be wasting your time watching and re-watching videos. Full stop. Don’t gamble with your precious time by prioritizing these videos and taking notes like that. The first time I did that I absolutely regretted it. Later, I realized that the material would stick long-term more by reading/reviewing Seperac’s condensed outlines and/or MASTER docs (out loud as if you were the Professor). You end up re-writing those outlines in your style if you will, and in your own words. Sadly, if you were to watch the videos, there would be no time for that. Seperac’s outlines focus on the most important and nails it every single time. I found his predictions were astonishingly accurate. Better than any Professor’s gut feeling. I found that as one of the biggest advantages of having Seperac as my “insider guy” for the bar. I felt as if I was almost cheating or something!

Thus, Ive decided not to continue to go to the classroom videos, and instead watch on my own, still within the same schedule and in school because I like the accountability and discipline which that routine creates. Now, obviously I have some reservations, mainly I want to know if signing up for your Bar course is not recommended when a student is already taking another Bar Prep course such as Barbri. I think my main concern is whether I will have sufficient time to cover ideally both course materials (Barbri and yours) so that I can maximize my chances of passing. I see Seperac more like a holy grail of powerful Bar info, or as my “insider guy”, or as my “successful buddy who already passed the bar and has incredible tips, tricks and support for me before I go in and fully get immerse in the substantive studies and for later on whenever I need it”. Just to be clear, the first time I took the Bar and failed, my biggest mistake was to spend most of my time in class and taking notes. Then I found Seperac and followed his advice, realized about all the stupid mistakes I had made, and finally passed. Bottom line is I wish I had found Seperac much sooner.

In other words, is you bar course supplemental or a full Bar course? It’s both. Depending on how you decide to use it. I used it in a mixed fashion since I had Barbri’s textbooks, MBE practice questions, etc. For instance, instead of watching Barbri lectures (except the fun/remarkable ones as mentioned above) I used the Seperac’s mp3 materials (MBE Rules from previous exams, etc.). Instead of mastering the Conviser Mini Review I found more value in Seperac’s MASTER and MBE outlines because it is condensed and written in a certain way which makes it easier to read. You use Seperac’s website FIRST and as a priority because that time spent will save you time later. In other words, it will make you smarter and more efficient with your time allocation. So you get familiar with it and then you start attacking everything else, sort of following Barbri’s schedule in terms of when you review each subject, MBE questions, and so forth but all along hand in hand with your “insider buddy’s” overall guidance.

And since you collect so much data, I guess a good way to answer this question is how previous students have done using both secular Bar course plus your bar course, and what was their opinion? Did they feel overwhelmed by the material? Where they able to cover at least 70% of both? If you are studying full time and you decide to commit that much time to lectures, then I don’t see how one possibly could accomplish 70% for both. You have to get some quality sleep too! Specially with Barbri. All of those bar prep companies give you so much more non-essential stuff to do solely because they are charging you so much money for it. In other words, I guess that’s their way of giving you an “added value” Besides the app, MBE questions (not 100% of them though! watch out! Precisely from Seperac I learned this trick!), Conviser, etc., there is not much more juice to squeeze from it. They make it more complicated than it actually is! That’s why I decided to take the best out of each resource. From Seperac, I read the whole thing first, used it all along as a go-to guide (my Bar Bible), experimented with some tips and committed to what worked for me. Because of that, I was able to be more efficient with my time. That alone was a life saver for me.   

To cite another example. a repeater who subscribed in F17 and passed told me: “I have already cleared the rest of the exams, so I have to start the paperwork for the admission at the Bar. My total score was 289 and my MBE score was 144.0. I studied for the bar since December 2016, but I had failed the July exam for 0.5%!. I used Barbri as my main course preparation and very useful was the online tool they have to show you where you have to work more. That is how I connected your amazing package with my study. Wherever I would see that I need to work harder, I was studying your material and I was doing your Restatement questions, which are the closest anyone can find to the new bar exam we had on February. I also had access to many Themis and Kaplan tests, which despite being or because they were too different from what I had helped me to be more prepared for the actual exam. I also studied less the week of the exam and nothing the day before (imagine I had to travel from Athens, Greece to Bufallo NY!). I was doing almost 100 questions per day except one day which was free and another day when I was doing almost 200 questions. Essays I did used the Barbri material, but I had no time to do many essays, so I was reading the rest. Before I sleep, I was reading your outline to refresh my memory. Let me now if this was helpful. PS: I was swimming twice per week.”

How exactly does the UBE MASTER outline work?My response.

Response Date: June 2017

Basically, I dissect the exam for subscribers to save them a good deal of time in their studies. The UBE MASTER outline is an excellent representation of both the MBE and MEE. Aside from the black letter law sections that cover the material I expect to be tested on the upcoming exam, I also include the issues that were tested on every past released MBE and MEE exam (going back 20 years consisting of 1,600+ MBE issues and 1,300+ MEE issues). For example, doing well on the MBE involves knowing both the past MBE law tested and the current MBE law tested. The past law tested is represented in the released NCBE MBE questions. I added MBE rules for these released NCBE questions to my UBE MASTER outline so examinee can more efficiently review the law behind these questions (and see all the law together). For example, to answer and review these released NCBE questions would take about 200 hours (2 minutes per question to read , and 5 minutes per question to review the answer and make a rule) while listening to an MP3 of these rules available on the subscription site would take 10 hours. Furthermore, the MEE issues in the outline contain links to the published MEE essay questions, so in other words, when you click the issue link, you can instantly can see the "facts" (in the questions) related to the particular issues along with the answer explanations. This is a very helpful and efficient way to study – by reading my outline, you have a complete set of information: the MBE/MEE black letter law, relevant hypotheticals, rules statements based on the 1,600+ released NCBE questions, the 1,300+ prior-tested MEE issues with the related facts and relevant answers and finally, topic summaries of those MEE answers for easy memorization/regurgitation.

The MBE black letter law sections of this outline should be your bible – each of the 175 pages is expected to represent one of the MBE questions on the J17 MBE. For example, based on the NBCE Subject Matter outline, the subject of Real Property consists of five categories: (1) Ownership; (2) Rights in Land; (3) Contracts; (4) Mortgages; and (5) Titles. Each category is equally weighted, meaning each category will represent 20% of your Real Property MBE score. However, if you look at the MBE outlines of the big bar reviews, you would not see anything remotely close to these proportions. For example, 44% of Barbri's Real Property outline is based on category 1 (Ownership) even though it is only 20% of an examinee's MBE score. Meanwhile, 7% of Barbri's Real Property outline is based on category 3 (Contracts) even though it is 20% of an examinee's MBE score. Likewise, 8% of Barbri's Real Property outline is based on category 4 (Mortgages) even though it is 20% of an examinee's MBE score. Kaplan and Themis are similar. For Kaplan, 45% of Kaplan's Real Property outline is based on category 1 (Ownership); 9% is based on category 3 (Contracts) and 9% is based on category 4 (Mortgages). For Themis, 36% of Themis' Real Property MBE outline is based on category 1 (Ownership); 9% is based on category 3 (Contracts) and 12% is based on category 4 (Mortgages). The average examinee gets about 18/25 correct on Real Property MBE questions. If you miss 50% of the category 3 (Contracts) and category 4 (Mortgages) MBE questions because your outline was 50% too small for those categories, that alone is about 5 MBE questions (which tranlates to 3-4 total UBE points). With my UBE MASTER outline, you won’t see such inefficiencies, except in rare cases (about 5% of the categories required more content than what proportionality dictated). My UBE MASTER outline covers the topics from the perspectives they will likely be tested on.

If you are reviewing a topic that you are familiar with (or it is designated low priority), there is less of a need to visit the hyperlinks to see how the issues were tested on the MEE. However, when you encounter a topic you are having trouble with (or it is designated high priority), the hyperlinks allow you to instantly see all the permutations of how that topic was tested in the past. Often, seeing the application of the law in the questions is far more helpful than reviewing the black letter law on its own. Examples are how you learn to better synthesize/analyze the law. My outline consists of thousands of of examples (from past MBE/MEE questions and others). Put simply, if an outline does not have good examples, it is not a good outline.

Following is the official explanation of the UBE MASTER outline contained in its Introduction section:

Using this outline is fairly intuitive, but if you want to fully understand its benefits, please continue reading this Introduction section. At a minimum, examinees should read about how to use the hyper-links because they enable you to utilize other resources to supplement your studies.

The Seperac UBE MASTER outline contains the following features:

The UBE MASTER outline is keyed to the 2017 NCBE Subject Matter outline
Each year, NCBE provides a subject matter outline that indicates the MBE and MEE’s scope of coverage. According to NCBE, the test items for each MBE and MEE exam are developed from these categories. The UBE MASTER outline is specifically keyed to the most recent NCBE outline to cover all the items NCBE regards as testable. Both outlines share the same categorical divisions – the UBE MASTER outline contains 358 categories based on the ABC-level items in the 2017 NCBE Subject Matter outline. Thus, you will be seeing the categories the same way NCBE wants you to see them.

By strictly adhering to the NCBE Subject Matter outline categorizations, the MBE content in the UBE MASTER outline is proportionally and contextually balanced. For example, based on the 2017 NBCE Subject Matter outline, the subject of Real Property consists of five categories: (1) Ownership; (2) Rights in Land; (3) Contracts; (4) Mortgages; and (5) Titles. Each category is equally weighted, meaning each category will represent 20% of your Real Property MBE score. However, if you look at the MBE outlines of the big bar reviews, you would not see anything remotely close to these proportions. For example, 44% of Barbri's Real Property outline is based on category 1 (Ownership) even though it is only 20% of an examinee's MBE score. Meanwhile, 7% of Barbri's Real Property outline is based on category 3 (Contracts) even though it is 20% of an examinee's MBE score. Likewise, 8% of Barbri's Real Property outline is based on category 4 (Mortgages) even though it is 20% of an examinee's MBE score. Kaplan is similar – 45% of Kaplan's Real Property outline is based on category 1 (Ownership); 9% is based on category 3 (Contracts) and 9% is based on category 4 (Mortgages).

In contrast, the UBE MASTER outline is designed to have 25 pages of black letter law per MBE subject with each page intended to represent 1 MBE question (e.g. for Criminal Law/Procedure, 12 of the 25 pages are on the Constitutional Protection of Accused Persons making it 7% of the UBE MASTER OUTLINE since it is expected to be 7% of your MBE score). Thus, the black letter law sections of the UBE MASTER OUTLINE will appropriately tell you what to expect on the upcoming exam (both contextually and proportionally), while the built-in MBE rules and MEE issues will tell you what was tested on the past. This is about as complete a picture as you can have of the current MBE exam. Furthermore, when you study based on the priorities, you will not be spending too much time on the past, or too little time on the current.

NOTE: Of the 168 MBE ABC categories in the UBE MASTER outline, about 5% of them are longer than their expected content based on my 175 MBE question/175 page methodology. It was necessary to do this to cover all the material that may be tested on the MBE for that ABC category.

The UBE MASTER outline is intended to be your MBE study bible
Examinees should treat the UBE MASTER outline as their personal MBE study bible. I strongly believe there is no better representation of the current MBE than this outline in as condensed a format. You should assume that each page of black letter law (which will sometimes span multiple pages depending on the number of corresponding MBE Rules/MEE issues) will represent 1 of the 175 graded questions you will see on the MBE. Thus, if there is a part of the outline you don’t understand pertaining to an MBE issue, you must review/research it to understand it. The MBE tests both past topics and new current topics and this outline is intended to help you with both. The past MBE topics are reflected in the built-in MBE rules (I wrote synopses of the law for each of the 1,600+ released NCBE questions – these are the same questions in Adaptibar/Strategies & Tactics, Barmax, etc.). The past topics and new current topics are reflected in the black letter law sections of the outline. I devote one page of black letter law (font size of 10 – feel free to increase it if you find it too small) to what I expect to represent one MBE question on the exam. Thus, there are approximately 175 pages of black letter law for the 7 MBE subjects, plus the built in MBE and MEE issues. The past topics and new current topics are also reflected in the built-in MEE issues (over past 400 MEE issues related to the 7 MBE subjects) because past MEE issues have been turned into MBE questions (especially with Civil Procedure). Accordingly, knowing the past tested MEE issues will help you on the MBE. Finally, the outline is highly prioritized. It is sorted by subject based on how much each subject is expected to contribute to your final score (both in context of the MBE and MEE). It is further prioritized by category so that you study the MEE topics expected to be repeated before you study any MEE topics not expected to be repeated. Put simply, the better you understand the MBE portion of this outline, the better you should score on the MBE and the more likely you will pass the exam.
One of the most important aspects of these outlines is the priorities. As I explain in detail below, the priorities enable examinees to study based on how much each category is expected to contribute to their score. If you are studying full time (8-9 hours per day for 6-7 days per week), then you should follow the study-time recommendations for each category (e.g. study 3x a week, 2x a week, 1x a week, 1x every two weeks, or 1x every month). If you are studying part-time (or you are using this material only to supplement your full-bar review), you should adjust the study-time proportionally. Studying this outline based on the assigned priorities should lead to the most efficient outcome on the upcoming UBE exam.

The UBE MASTER outline is a “dense” condensed outline. Due to the wide range of content that can be tested on the MBE and MEE, a denser outline is the more appropriate choice to study for upcoming exam issues. For example, a subscriber who scored a 174 on the MBE in NY and then a 177 on the MBE in NJ told me: “… as far as the MBE is concerned, your outlines have been most useful since you emphasize the fine distinctions.” Furthermore, I determined that there are fewer “repeat” topics on the MEE as compared to the pre-UBE essays, necessitating the need for a broader/denser overall outline. In categorizing every single topic tested on the MEE since 1995, I determined that out of the 798 individual topics tested on the past 44 MEE exams, 519 of these topics were tested just once (65%) while 279 of these topics were tested more than once (35%). I then broadened the scope by looking at the ABC Categories (there are 358 ABC categories based on the NCBE subject matter outlines). Out of the 358 ABC categories, 247 categories have been tested on the MEE since 1995, meaning 111 ABC categories have not been tested yet. In regards to the 247 ABC categories that have been tested, 61 of the categories have been tested only once (25%), while 186 of the categories have been tested more than once (75%). Thus, one is much better able to 'predict' what ABC categories will appear rather than individual topics. Put simply, if my outline was based solely on previously tested MEE topics (which is what the pre-unified MASTER outline did), it would directly cover only about 35% of an upcoming MEE exam (based only on specific topics).

The UBE MASTER outline is designed for combined MBE and MEE study

The MBE and MEE are too intertwined to be studied for separately. For example, MBE issues are tested on the MEE and MEE issues are tested on the MBE (especially for Civil Procedure). Furthermore, the MBE subjects often represent the majority of MEE questions. For example, on the July 2016 UBE exam, 68% of an examinee's MEE score (which is 30% of the total UBE score) came from MBE subjects (meaning 70% of an examinee’s total UBE score came from the 7 MBE subjects). On the Feb 2017 UBE exam, these percentages flip-flopped and 33% of an examinee's MEE score came from MBE subjects (meaning 60% of an examinee’s total UBE score came from the 7 MBE subjects). I expect NCBE’s testing of the MEE specific subjects on the MEE to wax and wane from exam to exam – on some exams a majority of the MEE will be based on the MEE specific subjects whereas other MEE exams will consist mainly of MBE subjects. However, to handle such a variance between exams, a unified MBE/MEE outline is necessary.  Thus, I merged all my individual outlines into a single outline – this UBE MASTER outline, and then appropriately prioritized it so that examinees study exactly how much each category is worth to their total UBE score. For each ABC category (169 MBE/MEE ABC categories and 189 MEE categories for a total of 358 different categories) contained in the 2017 NCBE Subject Matter outlines, I outline what I regard as the relevant black letter law (along with hypotheticals and examples) followed by the relevant MBE rules and MEE issues for that category, along with a link to any MEE MASTER topic summaries.

If you attempt to study for the MEE using a separate outline, you are likely to duplicate your efforts and inefficiently over-study certain areas. The UBE MASTER outline enables you to study for both the MBE and the MEE at the same time by taking into account how much each category is expected to contribute to both your MBE score AND your MEE score. Combined study is also facilitated by the embedded MBE rules and MEE issues. As such, you will not only be able to know the importance of each of the 358 testable ABC categories, but you will also see exactly how the categories have been tested each time on the MEE/MBE over the past 20+ years (based on the released MBE and MEE questions). This helps examinees construct their MBE/MEE knowledge by not only reading/studying the relevant black letter law, but also efficiently seeing how it has been tested by NCBE. Examinees that have difficulty retaining the wide range of testable content can focus on the HIGH to MEDIUM priority topics which should represent 50%-70% of their total UBE score.

The more efficiently you study for the MBE/MEE portions of the exam, the more time you will have to divert to MBE practice. Examinees that do well on the MBE generally pass. Examinees that fail the exam usually did not do well on the MBE (almost always below the median MBE for the administration). Doing well on the MBE is partly a function of time – if you don’t have a lot of time to spend studying/practicing for it, it is hard to do well on it. While study for the other components of the exam can be “abbreviated” to some extent, MBE study really can’t be given short-shrift, nor can MBE answers be “bluffed” as with the MEE. The main purpose of this outline and relying on the priorities is to allow for abbreviated study so examinees are able to divert that extra time to MBE studying/practice.

Categorized and prioritized MBE rules for the 1,600+ released NCBE MBE questions from 1991 to present are built into the UBE MASTER outline

To do well on the MBE, examinees should first become familiar with the law tested on past MBE questions. If you have the time, you should answer and review the 1,600+ released NCBE questions (I discuss this in depth on the MBE Study page). Reviewing these 1,600+ released NCBE questions takes about 150-200 hours (assuming 1.8 minutes to read each question and 5 minutes to review each answer explanation and write a rule). For examinees that don’t have the time to do this (e.g. you are following your full bar review course syllabus and using their questions or you are studying part-time), I wrote rules for these 1,600+ questions (from the 1991 NCBE exams all the way up to the 2017 NCBE sample questions). A word document of these rules is 130 pages long. I also created a MBE Rules MP3 of these 1,600+ questions which is about 10 hours long. While it is always better to do the questions (to practice your reading comprehension and dealing with distractors), if you are short on time, this is an excellent alternative method to acquire the black letter law behind what NCBE has tested in the past in a very efficient way. More so, these rules are prioritized based on my priorities for the upcoming exam. Therefore, the rules are broken down into 36 ranked categories (representing the 36 MBE categories in the 2017 NCBE Subject Matter outlines) to enable examinees to study the most important categories (that will contribute the most to the examinee’s MBE score) before studying the least important MBE categories. Thus, if you are very short on time, this is an excellent way to pick up the most important law in the least amount of time.

Please note that studying these rules is only one part of your overall MBE study. While the law behind past NCBE questions will give you insight into some of the legal concepts you can expect to see on the upcoming MBE, they are not always representative. For example, out of the 1,600+ released NCBE questions, there are only two questions on Double Jeopardy (1/10 of 1% of the questions). In contrast, Double Jeopardy is tested fairly frequently on the current MBE (I expect it to represent about 1% of your total MBE score). Basically, the entire area of Constitutional Protection of Accused Persons is under-represented in the released NCBE questions (it is just 3% of the 1,600 NCBE questions, but expected to be 7% of your MBE score). To cite another example, the Rule of Perpetuities (from the Real Property subcategory of Special Problems) represents about 1% of the released NCBE questions, but on the upcoming exam, I expect this subcategory to be tested substantially less. Thus, if your MBE study is based only on the law behind the released NCBE MBE questions, you will be under-prepared for some areas and over-prepared for others. Accordingly, subscribers must study the black-letter law in the UBE MASTER outline in tandem with these MBE rules. By seeing the rules associated with the black letter law, it will make it easier to understand the law (remember, knowledge is constructed).

The MBE rules are listed in order of importance. The OPE 1-4 rules (listed first) are the most important for you to know. For example, if you go to the section of the outline for Torts: Negligence: Standard of Care, you will see rules for the 37 standard of care questions tested on the released MBE questions from 1991-2017 sorted in order of importance. Thus, if you are very limited on time (let’s say because you put a lot of time into MBE practice), rather than studying all the rules separately, you can study them as you are studying the black letter law in the UBE MASTER outline, and you can further choose to focus on only the most important rules. As you answer MBE practice questions, you can also add your own rules to these sections to further enhance their understanding of each category. By maintaining all your rules in the UBE MASTER outline, you will have everything important contained in one single logical place.

Categorized and prioritized MEE issue statements for 400+ NCBE MEE issues from 2007 to present are built into the MBE sections of the UBE MASTER outline

In making the UBE MASTER outline (which involved examining every single MEE issue ever tested), I found that topics tested on the MEE that pertain to MBE subjects are also tested on the MBE. This makes sense, as NCBE probably uses MEE fact patterns to construct MBE questions and vice versa. This is especially true with the subject of Civil Procedure (which was added to the MBE in 2015) probably because NCBE needed to create a large pool of questions for the MBE so it likely went to the best source it had – prior MEE questions going back 44 MEE exams. As such, examinees should be looking at MEE issues when studying for the MBE and at MBE issues when studying for the MEE – this outline enables you to do so. You can also add notes in the boxes at the end of each category. This is a great place to put your MBE rules that pertain to that category or any MEE issues you encounter. Issue spotting is very important for the MEE, so you want to track this information to better help you on the exam.

Over 1,000+ hypotheticals and examples for the 7 MBE subjects are built into the UBE MASTER outline

Examinees learn by example. Accordingly, there are over 1,000 hypotheticals, tips and examples for the seven MBE subjects. The hypotheticals are detailed examples that are separately identified and appear in a yellow box with the prefix HYPO. The tips also appear in yellow boxes with the prefix TIP. The examples are less detailed parentheticals that start with (e.g.). Taking into account that the 1,600+ embedded MBE rules and 1,300+ MEE issues which also serve as examples, this UBE MASTER outline essentially contains almost 4,000 examples of the law to facilitate your understanding of it.

Drilling it down even further, I highlight what I regard as the topical areas of greater importance

For some categories, I highlight in yellow highlighting any topics or areas that I regard as more likely to be tested on the upcoming exam. This is based on my own personal opinion of which topics may be of greater importance (no statistical analysis is involved in this). I suggest you devote a little more time studying the highlighted areas as opposed to the non-highlighted areas, but you really should rely on the priorities contained in the outline topic headers more than the yellow highlighted areas.

Each MBE category is prioritized for the upcoming MBE

The UBE MASTER outline is sorted in order of subject priority. For example, an MBE subject that is not expected to contribute to your MEE score will appear lower in the outline than an MBE subject that is expected to contribute to your MEE score. Within these subjects, each ABC category is further prioritized. The MBE consists of 175 graded questions based on seven subjects (25 questions per subject). The MBE portion of the UBE MASTER outline consists of 169 MBE categories. However, while one would think that each category should reflect approximately one MBE question on the exam, they do not. In contrast, some categories will represent multiple MBE questions on the exam while other categories will represent no questions. Each category heading will tell you how many MBE questions you can expect on the exam based on the priorities of HIGH, MED and LOW. For example, if a category has an MBE-MEE priority of HIGH, this category is HIGH priority for both the MBE and MEE. If a category has an MBE-MEE priority of HIGH-MED, this category is HIGH priority for the MBE and MEDIUM priority for the MEE. A HIGH priority MBE category means that there will generally be 2 or more MBE questions from this category on the upcoming MBE exam. A MED priority MBE category means that there will generally be 1 or more MBE questions from this category. A LOW priority MBE category means there will be 0-1 MBE questions tested from this category on the upcoming MBE. Thus, if you are an examinee very limited on study time, you may wish to ignore the LOW priority MBE categories since those areas may or may not be tested on the upcoming MBE. Otherwise, you should simply study based on the study-time allocations.

Each MEE category is prioritized for the upcoming MEE

Everyone studies differently and certain study methods do not work for certain people. However, if you subscribed, you probably agree with the philosophy that you should study the MEE topics most likely to appear (and avoid the MEE topics least likely to appear) in order to increase your chances of passing the exam. In my analysis of bar exam essay topics over the past ten years, I have concluded that you cannot predict the essay topics for an upcoming exam – you can only assess topic priorities. The MASTER priorities use statistical analysis to determine which topics are not likely to appear on the upcoming exam. I strongly believe that this is the most efficient way an examinee can study for the bar exam. I put a good deal of time into determining the MASTER priorities for each exam – the priorities go far beyond simply looking at the frequency of appearance of a topic. For the MEE, a topic cannot appear on every exam and the MASTER priorities try to account for that. Since the entire MEE exam may consist of only 25 topics spread across 6 MEE questions, knowing just 4-5 more topics better than a typical examinee due to the MEE MASTER prioritizations can help you immensely on the exam.

Since examinees are taking a calculated risk by following these MEE priorities, I prepare a detailed post-exam analysis of MASTER for each administration it was used (16 administrations so far) to enable examinees (and myself) to better assess that risk. I also publish an even more detailed post-exam analysis on the subscription site after each exam. I know that many examinees rely on me to give them good information, so I regard it as bar review malpractice to not examine and report on the effectiveness of the information I provide:
http://seperac.com/bar/analysis.php

After I develop the statistical methodologies for the priorities, I test how these conditions would have worked on past exams. This “scenario testing” serves as a confirmation that the priorities are on point. If this was not the case, I would never release a prioritized list and tell examinees to rely on it. As stated above, I regard it as bar review malpractice to give advice to someone that requires them to take significant calculated risks in their studying unless it is strongly supported by the data. The priorities may sometimes seem illogical (i.e. a frequently appearing topic has a low priority or a rarely appearing topic has a high priority). However, every priority is based on a logical set of criteria to establish its priority. The determination of MASTER priorities is strictly formula based – I do not make any subjective assessments. Accordingly, the MASTER priorities are reactive – if the examiners modify how they select previously tested topics, the MASTER priorities change accordingly. Often, I am not even aware of the current priority of a specific topic since my opinion plays no role in the determination of the priorities. Even though the bar examiners may "shake things up" occasionally, there still needs to be an overall consistency to essay topic selection. Put simply, the more inconsistent the examiners are with essay topic selection, the less likely the exam will determine an applicant’s proficiency. For example, if a large number of obscure topics were tested, most examinees would do poorly on them, making it harder to distinguish applicants sufficiently to determine who is qualified versus unqualified.

Please keep in mind that the priorities in this UBE MASTER outline are specific to the JULY 2017 exam only. For example, if you test the priorities in the current MASTER against the immediately preceding bar exam, the priorities would be inaccurate. In the past, an average of 30% of the priorities change between each exam (in some cases, up to 50%). Thus, always rely on the topic’s priority rather than the topic's frequency of appearance.
Again, MASTER doesn't predict what topics will appear on the next exam - it simply prioritizes the topics to indicate which topics are not likely to appear. Studying based on these time allocations will not ensure that you will fully understand each category - the purpose of these time allocations is to ensure that you do not over-study a particular category. However, by studying based on these priorities, I strongly believe you put yourself in the best position to pass through proportionate learning. Once I determine how much something is worth towards your total score, that is how much study-time it warrants – any more than that and you are being inefficient. Inefficiency in studying is sometimes unavoidable, but I go to a lot of effort to make your studying as efficient as possible.

This outline contains navigation links and other layout designs to facilitate more effective studying and review.
The SEPERAC UBE MASTER OUTLINE is essentially comprised of three separate word documents. To utilize the links in the SEPERAC UBE MASTER OUTLINE, you must download all three files and keep them in the same directory. Do not rename the files (make sure they don’t get renamed by your device when you download them) or put them in different directories or the links won’t work:

SEPERAC-J17 EXAM-UBE MASTER OUTLINE – A 495 page outline containing black letter law outlines for the 14 MBE/MEE subjects that is keyed to the 2017 NCBE Subject Matter outlines and broken down into 358 different categories. There are MBE/MEE priorities for each of the 358 testable categories. If the category has been tested on a released MBE or MEE exam, every associated MBE rule or MEE issue is reported after the black letter law section (based on 1,600+ MBE rules and 1,300+ MEE issues from the past 20+ years). The MEE issues section for each category also contains hyperlinks that will take you to the relevant MEE MASTER topic summaries for that category or to the MEE answer for that issue. This outline is fully up to date for the July 2017 exam, meaning it reflects the recent NCBE changes to Real Property topics and Evidence priorities.

SEPERAC-J17 EXAM-MEE MASTER-TOPIC SUMMARIES – A 200+ page outline containing prioritized summaries/synopses of the legal principles tested on the MEE exam since 1995. The topics are categorized based on the ABC subcategories contained in the NCBE Subject Matter outlines. The categories are sorted based on priority for the upcoming exam (highest priority first, then medium priority, then low priority). These generic paragraphs not only explain the relevant law, but can also be used to speed the writing process on the exam (even to bluff your way through parts of a question).

SEPERAC-J17 EXAM-MEE MASTER-RELEASED ANSWER COMPILATION – This Compilation outline (1,530 pages) is based on the last 45 MEE exams and contains 303 MEE questions. Each MEE question is followed by the NCBE Answer Analysis (and more recent questions also have the best examinee answers from other states). The MEE questions in this Compilation are grouped by priority (based on the SEPERAC MASTER priorities and other criteria) with the most important questions/answers first. The Compilation also identifies every single issue tested on every single essay – this can be used to check whether your issue-spotting is on point when you are outlining.
 
After this Introduction section, the next section is the Table of Contents. The Table of Contents is Hyper-Linked, meaning that if you hold down the CTRL key and click on a category, you will jump to that category. In addition, each of the categories tested on the MEE is hyper-linked to the SEPERAC MEE MASTER TOPIC SUMMARIES document while every MEE issue is hyper-linked to the SEPERAC MEE MASTER RELEASED ANSWER COMPILATION so that you can quickly see how the topic was answered in each exam where the topic appeared. You can also jump around the outline using the Word Navigation Pane (go to View, and then mark the check box to show the “Navigation Pane” or “Document Map”). Utilizing the hyperlinked Table of Contents or Microsoft Word’s Navigation Pane, you can essentially jump to any subject, question or answer instantly. Furthermore, you can use the table of contents as a checklist of the issues related to each category.

For each category in the SEPERAC UBE MASTER OUTLINE, the first section is the black letter law section that examinees should strive to memorize. Each category header reports a priority of LOW, MED, or HIGH. The headers are color-coded based on their priority: BLUE=HIGH PRIORITY, GREEN=MEDIUM PRIORITY and ORANGE=LOW PRIORITY (you can read more about the prioritization rationale and methodology on the subscription site). Each category priority tells you how often the category should be studied. If you are studying full time and using this material as your primary source of study, you should follow these priorities religiously.

For the 169 MBE categories, the next section is the MBE rule section. For each released NCBE MBE question from 1991 to present that was tested on that category, there is an MBE rule I wrote that synopsizes the legal issue being tested in that question. For example, the heading for the rule section may appear as follows:

MBE Issues Tested on Jurisdiction – Federal SMJ

There are 1600+ MBE rules in the UBE MASTER outline encompassing the 1991, 1992, 1998 MBE exam books, the OPE 1-4 questions and other sample questions. If you are limited in MBE practice time, studying these rules is a great way to pick up the legal knowledge without having to go through the trouble of answering these questions. Since the older MBE questions are more straight-forward than the current MBE questions, you really don’t need to answer these questions from a practice point of view, but you still want to know the laws tested because this is what NCBE regards as important.

Next, for the MBE/MEE categories that have been tested on the MEE, there is an MEE Issues Tested section. The header for the section appears as follow:

MEE Topic Summaries: Jurisdiction – Federal SMJ

These headings are hyperlinked. This means if you press CTRL and click on the link, you will be taken to the appropriate topic summary in the SEPERAC MEE MASTER TOPIC SUMMARIES document. You should click on these links if you are still have problems understanding a category (especially a HIGH priority category) and when you need to begin studying for the MEE. If you still don’t understand something after reading the MEE MASTER topic summaries, you can read the issue links below the topic heading to see how the topic was tested since 1995 (and the outcome). If this still doesn’t explain the topic to you, you can click on any of the issue links to take you to the exact part of the essay answer where the issue is explained. The hyperlinks to the MEE answers are available to give you insight into the analysis involved with each question (what facts are used and discussed).

For the MEE, issue spotting is paramount, so either read/study the MEE issues built into the UBE MASTER outline or use the MEE Quick Review outline (if you don't have the time for the full MEE questions and Answer Analyses or the full MP3s). In writing bar exam essays, knowing the black letter law is not enough – you also need to know how it is applied. The UBE MASTER outline lets you do a full review of the MEE quickly and efficiently by seeing the black letter law together with the tested issues. Furthermore, knowing how the issue was tested helps immensely in issue spotting. It is this type of efficiency that enables examinees to accomplish essay study sooner and devote that saved time to the MBE.

The issues are color coded, so you know the result after you read the issue question. This color coding is designed to enable you to study more efficiently by seeing the answer in color. If the answer to the issue is in the Affirmative, the answer appears in GREEN. If the answer to the issue is in the Negative, the answer appears in RED. If the answer to the issue is neutral or cannot be answered definitively, the answer appears in BLUE. To go to the full MEE answer, simply press the CTRL key and click on the hyperlinked issue prefix (e.g. 2015-FEB-Q1-P1). There are hyper-links for all 1,271 issues tested on the MEE since 1995. Whether you click on a link (to read the essay answer in the SEPERAC MEE MASTER RELEASED ANSWER COMPILATION document) should depend on the point value of the issue. For example, if the point value of the issue is below 25% (this percentage appears after the hyperlinked issue prefix), then there is less of a need to look at the corresponding essay answer. However, the higher the point value of the topic, the more often you should review the issue answers by clicking on the issue links.

According to NCBE’s MEE Instructions, on the MEE you must: “[d]emonstrate your ability to reason and analyze. Each of your answers should show an understanding of the facts, a recognition of the issues included, a knowledge of the applicable principles of law, and the reasoning by which you arrive at your conclusions. The value of your answer depends not as much upon your conclusions as upon the presence and quality of the elements mentioned above.” This unified UBE MASTER outline is specifically designed to help you with each of these elements of a good MEE answer.

Your ability to “show an understanding of the facts” will be developed through reading the MEE answers and seeing how the facts were discussed. You will be able to do this efficiently because hyperlinks to the specific MEE questions are built into the SEPERAC UBE MASTER OUTLINE. Through the MASTER priorities (contained in all three documents), you will learn these questions on a prioritized basis – the facts most likely to re-appear are designated as such. There is no guess-work involved here – start with the first essay and work your way down.

Your ability to “[recognize] the issues” will be developed by reading the issue links and understanding how the issues have been presented for each topic in past MEE questions. One of the significant benefits of UBE MASTER are the embedded MBE rules and MEE issue links. There is no other available bar exam resource that takes every released MBE and MEE issue and groups the issues based on the legal principle of law being tested in the issue. This enables an examinee to quickly see how the issue was brought up in the past questions, so the examinee will be prepared to identify the issue in future questions.

Your ability to demonstrate a “knowledge of the applicable principles of law” will be developed by studying UBE MASTER based on priority, thereby being very familiar with the principles of law most likely to appear and least familiar with the principles of law least likely to appear. In addition, the MEE MASTER answer summaries are more comprehensive than just the black letter law. Where possible, I also explain the purpose of the law. As such, when you write your response, you can illustrate to the grader that you not only know the black letter law, but that you also understand it.

Finally, you will “[d]emonstrate your ability to reason and analyze” by reviewing the NCBE Answer Analyses which do an excellent job of showing how to analyze an MEE essay. In addition, the best examinee answers from other states serve as good examples of proper reasoning and analysis. By analyzing representative good answers, examinees will learn to write passing MEE essays by example. These best examinee answers provide insight as to what type of writing and how much knowledge and analysis is required for an above average score that is not at the level of the released NCBE Answer Analyses. I regard the process of reviewing the past MEE essays (and their associated issues) as very important. Much like the recently released MBE questions (OPE 1-4) reflect the current MBE, the recently released MEE questions reflect the current MEE. Since the cost to purchase the 2012-2017 MEEs from NCBE is $150, unless an examinee obtains these questions from their bar review, a number of examinees will be unfamiliar with them, giving you an advantage on the MEE. Reading, listening to, outlining, and answering these MEE essays will teach you how to compose an MEE answer that the bar examiners are looking for.

This outline is editable to facilitate more effective studying and review.
I release the UBE MASTER outline as an editable word document to allow examinees to supplement it. For example, you can add your own pieces of law, highlight areas you need to study better, or even add your own MBE rules in the MBE rule section for each ABC category. Accordingly, you may decide to copy your MBE rules into this outline (by adding them to the existing rules) rather than using a separate MBE Rules outline. If you plan to edit the documents, I suggest that you “Track Changes” in the documents so that you can see easily identify your additions and changes.

As subscriber, you are agreeing to the Purchase Agreement. Therefore, you cannot share/sell/disseminate the subscription site materials or advice without my written consent. I sincerely believe that if you use these materials as directed, you will improve your odds of passing the bar exam. However, the more examinees that use these materials, the lower everyone's chances of passing. By keeping subscriptions limited to a small percentage of examinees, there is also less incentive for the bar examiners to purposefully change the exam to counter topic priorities when only a small number of examinees are relying on them, especially when deliberately changing their exam methodology may have unintended consequences on the majority of examinees who are unaware of the priorities (e.g. adding more low priority topics could cause examinees who normally would pass to fail).

If an examinee shares the material or information on this subscription site, they are doing it to their detriment. Examinees must recognize that all the information on the subscription site is designed to increase your probability of passing the exam, so sharing that information with anyone decreases that probability. Thanks to the internet, sharing this material/information with just one person can have the unintended effect of it being subsequently shared with hundreds of examinees who are all competing for the same license. Examinees must keep in mind that licensure exams act as a form of economic protectionism since a bar exam "passing score" arbitrarily sets a limit on the number of attorneys licensed in a jurisdiction. An examinee that scores a 264 on the New York UBE exam is probably just as qualified to practice law as an examinee who scores a 266, but only one of these examinees will be admitted to the bar. Put simply, if the seven current justices of the New York Court of Appeals were the only persons to sit for the upcoming New York UBE exam, at least two of the justices would fail the exam based on the cut score (and probably more due to a poor MBE showing).

Does the full subscription include the MEE study module, with the MEEs from 95-17 My response.

Response Date: June 2017

Yes, the full subscription contains all the modules listed on the Subscription page. This means you have access to everything mentioned on the Subscription page, including the MEE and MPT Comparisons (these are the banks of graded examinee essays that can be compared) and the MBE, MEE and MPT Strategy pages (which are usually updated and made available about one month before the exam). In regards to the individual modules, at the moment, only the MEE Study module is available, but I will be adding some of the other modules (e.g. the MPT Study Module) as time permits. The difficulty with adding the individual modules is that the information/materials needs to be modified to be able to stand-alone as a module (at the moment, all the modules are somewhat intertwined because the subscription site was written without modules in mind).

Do you have a bank of graded essays/MPTs? My response.

Response Date: June 2017

Yes, the full subscription contains a large bank of graded essays/MPTs called the MEE and MPT Comparisons. Subscribers to the MEE Study Module can access the MEE Comparison. These Comparisons of graded examinee essays/MPTs are accessible by subscribers or non-subscribers who submit their essays to me for that exam. For the MPT, I have over 500 graded MPTs going back for 15 exams (this is super helpful to see how a good MPT is constructed). For the UBE, I currently only have J16 MEE essays from about 40 examinees (will be adding F17 MEE essays in June 2017). This is how it works:

1) If you fail the UBE exam and have a copy of your essays, you email them to me.
2) I transcribe your essays and statistically analyze them.
3) Once I have a large enough sample of essays (usually 20-30 examinees for a February exam or 50-60 examinees for a July exam), I create the MEE/MPT Analysis for that exam.
4) I then email you a free 37+ page essay analysis that statistically compares your MEE/MPT answers to everyone else who sent me their essays. A sample of the J16 Analysis (37 pages) is here:
http://www.seperac.com/pdf/Sample-Essay-MPT%20Analysis-July%202016.pdf
This MEE/MPT Analysis is confidential – I don't share your essays with anyone and no one else sees them. All I do is transcribe your essays and make the report once I have a large enough sample. NOTE: I plan to start comparing the MEE essays to the point sheets so the MEE section of the analysis will be similar to the MPT section of the analysis, giving you even more insight into your MEE/MPT answers.
5) When I send you the MEE/MPT Analysis, I ask you if you want to participate in the MEE/MPT Comparison. If you say No, nothing else happens with your essays and no one ever sees them except me. If you say Yes, I include your essays in the MEE/MPT Comparison which lets you see your answers compared to everyone else's side-by-side. Following are very small samples of my February and July 2010 MPT comparisons:
http://www.seperac.com/Feb2010Analysis/
http://www.seperac.com/examinees/JULY2010/
This Comparison is viewable by everyone who participates in it and also by subscribers. In the Comparison, everything is redacted (I even check your MPTs to make sure you didn't mention your name by mistake) so there is nothing to identify you. The majority of examinees decide to participate once they see their Analysis (out of the 500+ examinees that have sent me their essays for the Analysis, only 7 have opted out of the Comparison). I have been doing these Comparisons since 2010 and never has an examinee told me their confidentiality was compromised in any way.
6) If you participate in the Comparison, I give you a $40 coupon code if you decide to later subscribe to the full subscription site (where you can view the Comparisons for other exams) or refund $40 if you are already subscribed.

Both the Analysis and the Comparison are great ways to get some useful insights into your MEEs/MPTs. For example, one of the more useful aspects of the MEE/MPT Analysis is a “Top 20 Words” analysis that reports the top 20 words the above average answers used that you did not. Through this “Top 20 Words” list, I find that failing examinees sometimes fail to use IRAC phrases such as “whether”, “here”, “therefore”, or “however.” This tells me the examinee’s essay is probably not as organized as it could be. Other times the examinees fail to use analysis words such as “because”, “since” , or “as.” In an IRAC analysis, “because” is the single most important word to use when analyzing the facts in the question. The failure to use words such as "because", "since" and "as" will negatively affect the analysis portion of your essay and can only hurt your score. Lastly, examinees often fail to use the legal terminology associated with a particular essay topic. I refer to these terms as “buzz-words.” I believe that graders do not spend a lot of time reviewing an essay, so the failure to use buzz-words (to signal to the grader that you understand the topic) can hurt your essay score. Put simply, absence of such words indicates the examinee may not be discussing things he/she needs to discuss.

The MEE/MPT Comparison is a fantastic way to visually identify what you did wrong on the MEE/MPT by looking at your essays side by side against others. You can look at exactly passing answers to see how much (or how little) is required for an exactly passing score. When you look at the text comparison, you start to see the commonality in language with high scoring answers – in a sense this trains you to include the same language in similar essays. The PDF comparisons (where you view the actual PDFs of the answers side by side) let you see each essay’s layout, structure, and formatting so you can visually learn how to emulate the high scoring answers (and conversely, avoid the styles of the low scoring answers). For example, one examinee (non-subscriber) who failed F15 told me: "I did much better on my essays this time due in large part to your comparison tool. I found that to be extremely helpful." For the F15 exam, this examinee's 5-Essay average was 53.74 (a passing essay average for the Feb 2015 exam was 51.43). Based on 196 submitted score reports, this 5-Essay average was ranked 9/196 (this means the examinee had a 5-Essay average better than 95.4% of the examinees that sent me their Feb 2015 score information). In July 2014, this examinee had a 5-Essay average was 45.22 (a passing essay average for the July 2014 exam was 47.83). Based on 315 submitted score reports, this 5-Essay average was ranked 131/315 (which was better than 58.4% of the examinees that sent me their July 2014 scores).

Thus, with the MEE/MPT Analysis you can statistically compare your MEEs/MPTs to other graded MEEs/MPTs while with the MEE/MPT Comparison, you can visually compare your MEEs/MPTs to other graded MEEs/MPTs. On the subscription site, I have Comparisons for the last 15 MPT exams but only the J16 MEE since NY only switched in J16 (F17 to follow soon). For example, with the July 2015 MPT Comparison (Opinion Letter), you can examine 63 graded MPTs (for a total of 1,800+ comparisons). For the July 2016 MEE Comparison, for each of the six MEE questions, there are 741 comparisons based on 33 examinee essays.

Is a subscription helpful for any UBE state. My response.

Response Date: June 2017

I realize your subscription is geared towards the NY bar exam, but is it helpful for any UBE state? I'm mostly interested in general legal principles for studying.


My site is geared for the NY UBE exam, but since the UBE is a uniform exam, all the information/materials are applicable to UBE examinees in other states. If I calculate scaling or mention statistics, they are usually pertaining to New York, although this is changing as I am now starting to receive scores and essays from examinees in other UBE states. However, even when I refer to NY statistics, they are usually relatable to other states. For example, although UBE Score Estimator is primarily based on New York bar examinee statistics, a lot of non-New York UBE examinees told me it accurately predicted their results.

I am sitting for the MEE and MPT only - what do you suggest?My response.

Response Date: June 2017

As to materials, my advice would be the Barbri Conviser for the UBE and to supplement it with my MEE Study module ($99). The MEE Study module is intended to supplement an examinee’s MEE study, but it is not intended for complete MEE study (which is why I also suggest the Conviser). For example, if an examinee wants to listen to the past MEE exams, I have MP3s for the past 20 MEE exams, or if an examinee wants to practice issue-spotting past MEE questions, I designed an outline (MEE Quick Review) for that. My MEE study module contains every released MEE (from 1995 to present). In contrast, if you planned to buy the MEEs from NCBE, the 2012-2017 MEEs would cost $150. The recent MEEs are useful because much like the OPE exams are a good reflection of the current MBE, the recent MEEs are a good reflection of the current MEE. I make the past MEEs even more useful/efficient by creating MP3s and an MEE issue spotting outline. Also, there is also a bank of graded MEE essays (I refer to it as the MEE Comparison) that will include examinee answers from the J16 and F17 MEE. For the July 2016 exam, for each MEE essay, there are 741 comparisons based on 33 examinee essays and four released above average answers (two from New York, one from Minnesota and one from Arkansas), plus the NCBE Answer Analysis. Thus, you can view poor essays, exactly passing essays, or high scoring essays, and compare any essay to another side by side. I feel this analysis is invaluable for examinees to quickly and efficiently discover "what works" versus "what doesn't work" on the MEE. For example, an examinee that recently passed told me: “I think this helped me immensely, because although I had not practiced writing any essays, I still really got a feel for the tone, length, content and structure of passing answers which created a ‘voice’ in my head when writing essays.” I like to think of MEE materials as gap-fillers that dove-tail with the big bar review materials. I discuss everything more in depth here.

For example, a F17 subscriber to the MEE Study Module who passed with an MBE score of 136 and a total UBE score of 290 told me: “I took the NJ and NY bar exams in 2012. I passed NJ on the first try and failed NY. This was my 3rd attempt at NY (though a different exam) and I finally passed! I used Adaptibar to study for the MBE as well as some outlines a friend sent me, your materials to study for the MEE, and a Rigos book to study for the MPT. I did about 1600-1700 MBE questions total (all adaptibar). In the beginning, I was scoring about 55% correct and towards the end I was scoring between 65-70% correct. I started studying December 1st before the exam and probably spent about 65% of the time focused on the MBE. I amped up my MEE practice towards the end and wrote out about 3 MPTs while timed. I reviewed a few more MPTs just to get a sense of structure and detail needed. I was working full-time and my goal was to study 4-6 hours per day (the 8 hours reccomended by Barbri was just not realistic for me). I was very focused during those 4-6 hours and did not waste time on facebook, etc. I attribute my passing to 2 things: (1) I entered the study period from a place of maturity and far less anxiety (I was able to remind myself that I'm already a lawyer and I also told very few people I was taking the exam.....so social external stress was mostly eliminated) and (2) I focused my studies and practice on the ACTUAL exam. I briefly reviewed the materials but did not waste hours of time watching videos or outlining (eventually I did supplement the outlines I had)....but my studying was spent going over ACTUAL MBE questions and ACTUAL MEE questions, coupled with reviewing the previously tested law as applied to the facts. For me, I found that seeing the application of the law in the questions was far more helpful than reviewing the black letter law on its own. In the past, timing was always a problem for me on the MBE. The first time I took the exam I didn't even finish the MBE (I had 5 questions left and just bubbled the answers in randomly). In the February exam I had 15 extra minutes for the morning section and just enough time for the afternoon section. Additionally, I did minimal MPT practice in my previous attempts, if any. I realized early that each MPT is worth 10% (far more than any MEE essay) and got a sense of how to budget my time and how to assure that I included all necessary details ... I found the MEE Module to be super helpful - the sheer repetition of reviewing the law applied to the facts with analysis helped me figure out how to structure essays, the detail needed in analysis, and what the right answers were.  I went through so many essays.....I think the only downside was feeling overwhelmed by so much material (which isn't really a downside) … The MEE Quick Review outline was helpful for identifying issues and did not take a significant amount of time, allowing me to study simultaneusly for the MBE.

Following is the advice I give to subscribers on how to use the MEE Study Module:

Examinees can utilize the materials on this site as they wish, but I suggest that examinees begin with the MEE Quick Review outline to get better at MEE issue spotting. You should read a question, write down the issues you come up with, and then check your answers. The Reviewing/Outlining Released MEE Essays section explains how to do this. Then repeat for at least 100 questions. If you are limited on time or you are an auditory learner, use the MP3s of the Quick Review outline instead. Next, if you commute/work out (or just get sick of reading), listen to the MP3s based on full MEE Exams. Start with the 2015 MEEs (yes, that is correct - the 2016 to 2017 MEEs are lower priority) and work your way back. Here you can study more passively by listening (which will form different memory impressions to aid in recollection), but also try to occasionally actively study by trying to issue-spot in your head after you listen to a question. If you are are having difficulty with an issue, use the MEE Essay Compilation to research it (the questions are sorted by subject) to see how it has been tested in past exams. Reviewing the full NCBE Answers will improve your MEE analysis ability. Next, review the MEE Essay Comparison to better understand how actual MEE answers are scored (while Model Answers are great to learn from, they are unrealistic examples of typical examinee answers). You should compare high-scoring MEEs to one another, look at exactly passing answers and also look at the really low scoring answers (as examples of what not to do). When you look at the text comparison, you will start to see the commonality in language with high scoring answers – in a sense this trains you to include the same language in similar essays. The PDF comparisons (where you view the actual PDFs of the answers side by side) let you see each essay’s layout, structure, and formatting so you can visually learn how to emulate the high scoring answers (and conversely, avoid the styles of the low scoring answers). Before you begin answering MEEs in practice, read the Grading your practice MEE answers section. Finally, about a week before the exam, download and start reviewing the MEE Buzzwords document. As simplistic as it may seem, using the appropriate terminology in your answers is important to your MEE score.

I plan to have an MPT module available in a few weeks. It has materials for the MPT, solid MPT advice and an MPT Comparison containing over 500 graded MPTs covering the last 15 MPTs (this is a fantastic resource).

I am taking the exam in 2018. Can I subscribe now?My response.

Response Date: June 2017

If you are sitting for the February 2018 exam, the earliest you can subscribe is August 2017. If you enter your name and email on the below Email Notification List, I will notfiy you when enrollment opens and when the next UBE MASTER outline is released. In the meantime, spend at least one hour a day on MBE review/practice until you subscribe. According to NCBE, "the MBE measures analytical skills and the grasp of fundamental legal concepts reliably and efficiently. These skills and this knowledge will continue to be the stock-in-trade for every practicing lawyer, regardless of area or type of practice; they are the foundation without which a lawyer cannot demonstrate other skills or competencies." Do 10 questions in 18 minutes and then spend the rest of the hour reviewing the answers and updating your rules outline. There is no need to study a particular subject or topic - simply do ten different questions per day. Reviewing MBE questions now in a more relaxed atmosphere (no study pressure or time constraints) should make the questions more familiar and less intimidating. At this early juncture, you want to focus on quality rather than quantity. Make a rule for every question you do (both the questions you answer correctly and incorrectly). Typically, I advise examinees to make MBE rules for questions they answer incorrectly, or correctly for the wrong reasons. However, since you will be taking the exam a while from now, it is essential to take good notes and maintain an MBE rules outline to help you recall later what you study now. Doing MBE questions now without maintaining an MBE rules outline for every single question is essentially a waste of your time. Make sure to examine your answers. Really try to understand why an answer is wrong and take the time to research it (you won’t have the luxury of seriously researching topics as you get closer to the exam). An examinee who recently passed explained the process fairly well: “I would dissect those MBE questions over and over again, regardless of whether I got them wrong or right.

Keep track of the MBE questions you answer and your answer choices on a separate piece of paper or spread-sheet. Examinees should independently keep track of their MBE practice answers so that they can re-test themselves later. If you don't re-test yourself once you have learned the right answer (and reminded yourself through making a rule/flashcard and studying it), you will often repeat your mistakes. For example, in a 1998 study, NCBE found that examinees generally do not learn from their MBE mistakes - repeat examinees generally did not improve on questions they previously answered on an earlier MBE exam. To counter this problem, examinees can improve their understanding of unfamiliar law by making rules (which requires you to think about the law), studying the rules, adding to them after additional MBE practice, organizing them, and then studying them again. This means that you should not mark up your MBE books, but write your answers on blank scoresheets or in a spreadsheet (such as the MBE Study Spreadsheet on the subscription site). Then, every so often, answer a sample of 10 previously answered questions. How you do when re-answering these questions will give you a good bit of insight as to whether you are have learned the law for these questions. If you tracked your old answer choice, you can also see if you are choosing the same incorrect answer or a different answer. If you cannot answer 8/10 correctly, you need to spend more time making/studying your rules because there is a failing somewhere. Put simply, if you can't get at least 80% correct on familiar questions you answered and reviewed a few weeks earlier, it will be even harder for you testing on the unfamiliar questions you will encounter on the MBE.

To further diversify your MBE practice (without having to buy anything), BARBRI offers a free 100 question MBE Preview Diagnostic Exam which contains the proper exam distribution of questions (including Civil Procedure). To download these BARBRI MBE Preview questions, click here:
http://esc.barbri.com/viewFile.html?id=0adf50e0-ce68-471d-92b9-f4deddee690f&mimeType=application/pdf

The answers can be downloaded here:
http://esc.barbri.com/viewFile.html?id=8d3fe88b-ae6a-4870-8539-beb87a3836f3&mimeType=application/pdf

Pieper also offers a free “MBE question of the day” that is emailed to you daily:
http://info.pieperbar.com/bar-exam-questions

Always try to mix up your MBE practice – it is what high scoring MBE examinees generally do.

Everything you need for the MEE and MPT is on my subscription site. There is specific advice about MPT studying on the subscription site that ties in with the MBE and MEE advice that I give.

For the MEE, you can also review older MEEs and answer analyses here:
http://www.ncbex.org/exams/mee/preparing/

For the MPT, you can review older MPTs and point sheets here:
http://www.ncbex.org/about-ncbe-exams/mpt/preparing-for-the-mpt/

The point sheets are helpful in understanding what the grader is looking for.

Your goal at this early juncture is to dissect the exam. You will not do any serious memorization. You will simply (1) examine (2) try to understand; and then (3) take very detailed notes that you will review weekly.

Do I need to submit my UBE application receipt to purchase the MEE Study Module?My response.

Response Date: June 2017

No. Examinees do not need to submit anything to me in order to purchase the MEE Study Module. Examinees can likewise subscribe to the full subscription site without having to submit their UBE application receipt. However, if you subscribe to the full subscription site and do not submit your UBE application receipt to me (to confirm that you are an examinee taking the upcoming UBE exam), then you will NOT be able to access the current UBE MASTER outline (although you can access the UBE MASTER outline for the prior exam).

Do you grade essays/MPTs?My response.

Response Date: June 2017

No, I currently don’t grade essays/MPTs but I am working on an automated way to calculate a fairly accurate MEE/MPT score (check back in about six months). In looking at thousands of graded essays and guessing their score, I am wrong more than I am right. Thus, while Joe Seperac’s subjective opinion of your essay might be a little better than Joe Schmoe’s, it’s still just a single subjective opinion. However, when I statistically analyze an essay answer, I am better able to say what score it deserves (although there is never a guarantee it will receive that score). This is the unavoidable unreliability of essay grading. According to NCBE, the reliability of the MBE scaled score is 0.90. NCBE found that for the essays to have a reliability of 0.90, they needed to be 16 hours long with 32 different essay questions. NCBE found that for the MPT to have a reliability of 0.90, it needed to be 33 hours long with 22 different MPT items. see The Bar Examiner: Volume 77, Number 3, August 2008. Unreliability in essay scoring means that you can have a very high essay score on one exam and then a very low essay score on another exam even though your level of knowledge has not changed (or even improved). Thus, answering only 6 essays and 2 MPTs make unreliability in essay scoring guaranteed. Unreliability in high-stakes exams makes it harder to distinguish applicants sufficiently to determine who is qualified versus unqualified (which is why the written scores are scaled to the MBE).

So how does unreliability in essay scoring occur? Let me give you an example. Take a look at the following essay grading analysis I made of a sample of J14 essays. You will need to Zoom in on this PDF to read the material (I try to put a number of essays on one page so it can be visually compared).
http://seperac.com/pdf/J14-Essay%20Analysis-Exam%20Scoring-Essay%201.pdf

This PDF is a small sample of 15 answers from Essay 1 from the July 2014 exam. It contains obvious and serious mistakes in grading. As part of an essay analysis I conducted on the pre-UBE essays, I tried to determine the weight of each issue and calculate each examinee’s score for each issue (for example, PROF-RES: Solicitation/Referral Fees (Seperac Est. score of 2/10)). The final result was the “Seperac Estimated Score.” Bar graders have neither the time or the interest in putting similarly scored essays side by side to see if the grading is indeed accurate. However, when you do this, grading inaccuracies often come to light. For example, if you look at the 5th essay (Jul2014-Essay-001-ID 002-Typed-Score 38.66), this “Examinee J” received a score of 38.66. If you compare this essay to the other essays that scored around 38.66, you will see that this essay is far superior. I feel this essay score was severely discounted – just compare this essay to the released Model Answers and you will see what I mean. How this essay is not a passing essay is a complete mystery to me. Now let’s suppose that you studied heavily for this exam and put effort into the essays and you were the examinee that wrote the above essay in question. You would have written what was objectively a good essay that should have been well above passing, but instead would have received a terrible score. This is what no one can assess – the unreliability of subjective essay grading.

Luckily, the MEE questions are less prone to such unreliability because they are shorter and there is a grading rubric. Thus, if you have the released MEE questions, you can essentially grade yourself by comparing your answers to the NCBE answer analyses. According to the maker of the MEE: “NCBE’s grader training and materials also assign weights to subparts in a question. So an examinee who performs well on one subpart of an MEE question worth 25% of the total score that could be awarded for that question is not assured a 6 unless he performs well on the other parts of the question, too, in comparison with other examinees. In other words, there is a weighting framework for assigning points, which helps to keep graders calibrated and consistent.” see the March 2015 NCBE Testing Column: Judith A. Gundersen, The Testing Column, Essay Grading Fundamentals, The Bar Examiner (March 2015). This differs from pre-UBE essay grading where it appeared the graders reviewed the essays more holistically (i.e. looking at the overall answer and then assigning a score). On the MEE, the graders are somewhat constrained by the grading weights, meaning that a well written answer with good reasoning that misses issues will probably score lower than a poorly written answer with basic analysis that correctly identifies all the issues.

Since the graders are referring to a point-sheet, I believe issue-spotting is paramount on the MEE. Basically, if what you say is not on the grader’s checklist, you are not supposed to earn points for it. If you look at the last page of the following sample of my MEE Issue Spotting outline, you will see how an essay that simply spots the issues can receive an above-passing score:

On the subscription site, I have comparisons that let you compare graded essays/MPTs. For example, following are small samples of the February and July 2010 MPT comparisons:
http://www.seperac.com/Feb2010Analysis/
http://www.seperac.com/examinees/JULY2010/

If you are willing to self-evaluate, you can write an answer to a comparison question and then compare your answer to other graded answers (I am working on an automated way of doing this). For example, you can download the Feb 2010 MPT from NCBE’s website, answer the State of Franklin vs McLain MPT and then compare your answer to the graded ones in the comparison:
http://www.ncbex.org/pdfviewer/?file=%2Fdmsdocument%2F178

If this is too much effort, you can simply look at passing and above-passing essays/MPTs. For example, one subscriber told me: “I think this helped me immensely, because although I had not practiced writing any essays, I still really got a feel for the tone, length, content and structure of passing answers which created a ‘voice’ in my head when writing essays.” Put simply, good essays/MPTs look like other good essays/MPTs.

Do you provide MBE questions?My response.

Response Date: June 2017

No, I do not provide MBE questions on the full subscription site. Instead, I offer advice on the best MBE practice questions to use along with materials and advice that will help you substantially with the MBE. First, I tell subscribers the best MBE practice questions to use (and in what order) based on my extensive review of MBE practice questions over the years and followups with examinees. For most examinees, doing MBE practice questions is critical to their exam success (assuming the MBE practice questions are of sufficient difficulty and representative of the topics tested). Your MBE practice scores will also give you the most insight as to whether or not you will pass the exam. Thus, if you are answering questions of sufficient difficulty which are representative of the topics tested and tracking your % correct, you can use this information to adjust your study. For example, if your testing on these questions is not within a certain range, I offer alternative exam strategies.

Next, I provide the UBE MASTER outline along with a lot of useful MBE materials that are not offered by any other bar review. The subscription site is intended to act as a gap-filler. For example, in my review of the MBE, I determined that the MBE sometimes tests concepts directly from the Restatements and seminal cases (if I had to guess, it is maybe 10-20% of the MBE). Thus, I licensed the Restatements and selected the scenarios I regarded as relevant to the current MBE to make 600+ short answer questions (called MBE Flashcard exams). While these MBE Flashcard exams do not contain Civil Procedure (to fill this gap, I recommend to subscribers the best Civil Procedure materials based on the advice of examinees who scored high on the subject), you should still find them very helpful. For example, in post-exam followups with subscribers, I ask them to specify any supplemental bar review materials, courses or tutors they used for the exam and rank them in their order of effectiveness. A subscriber with an MBE score of 137.2 on the July 2016 UBE exam told me: “Seperac (quiz, mp3s, flashcards) Kaplan Mock Exams (too easy) Adaptibar (too simplistic) Critical Flashcards (better to do them alone)” In a F17 post-exam follow-up, a repeater who subscribed in F17 and passed told me: “I have already cleared the rest of the exams, so I have to start the paperwork for the admission at the Bar. My total score was 289 and my MBE score was 144.0. I studied for the bar since December 2016, but I had failed the July exam for 0.5%!. I used Barbri as my main course preparation and very useful was the online tool they have to show you where you have to work more. That is how I connected your amazing package with my study. Wherever I would see that I need to work harder, I was studying your material and I was doing your Restatement questions, which are the closest anyone can find to the new bar exam we had on February. I also had access to many Themis and Kaplan tests, which despite being or because they were too different from what I had helped me to be more prepared for the actual exam. I also studied less the week of the exam and nothing the day before (imagine I had to travel from Athens, Greece to Bufallo NY!). I was doing almost 100 questions per day except one day which was free and another day when I was doing almost 200 questions. Essays I did used the Barbri material, but I had no time to do many essays, so I was reading the rest. Before I sleep, I was reading your outline to refresh my memory. Let me now if this was helpful. PS: I was swimming twice per week.”

I explain the value of UBE MASTER outline on the Subscription page. However, one important aspect of the outline is that it contains rules for the 1,600+ released NCBE MBE questions. Thus, the UBE MASTER OUTLINE is especially helpful if you are not answering the released NCBE questions (because you previously answered them or because you are limited in time and you would prefer to focus on harder MBE questions). I strongly feel that the MBE materials/advice available on the subscription site help examinees significantly on the MBE. For example, the UBE MASTER OUTLINE contains 175 pages of black letter law on the 7 MBE subjects that is intended to represent the 175 graded MBE questions (meaning you won’t be blindsided by current MBE issues that receive short-shrift in other outlines). Thus, these 175 pages of content (plus another 100 pages of past MBE/MEE issues related to the MBE subjects) can essentially account for about 60-70% of your total UBE score.

If you are an auditory learner, you will love the subscription site. I make MP3s of a lot of the content (samples are on the subscription page) so you can listen to it rather than read it. For example, I make MP3s of the MBE rules for the 1,600+ released NCBE questions. Even if you are not an auditory learner, you should take advantage of these MP3s to form different memory impressions when you study. For example, a subscriber who passed with an MBE of 140.5 after failing with an MBE of 128.1 told me: “I believe in your method and system and like i said, if i can contribute to it further in any way - i would love to. In terms of what single thing helped me pass the MBE - i think it was writing out the MBE rules and listening to the mp3s the night before. My problem was that id get anxious and think i forgot everything - so listening to the mp3s in 2x speed and going over my mbe rules was big for me. I noticed that I'd make the same mistakes on similar issues over and over again so making sure I got those down really helped. Hearing it read out loud to me with the mp3s was big too.” This is another example of where the subscription site acts as a gap-filler – no other bar review has MP3s of the MBE Rules based on NCBE questions.

The most significant way in which the subscription site acts as a gap-filler is the advice and strategies it contains that are derived from my obsession with information and statistics which can help the outcome of individual examinees. The full subscription contains all the modules listed on the Subscription page, meaning you also have access to the MBE, MEE and MPT Strategy pages (which are usually updated and made available about one month before the exam). To me, if you are not continually improving, you are falling behind. Over the past ten years, I have statistically analyzed score sheets (4,000+), essays (2,000+), MPTs (600+), examinees (2,000+ supplemental post exam followups) and bar materials (1,500 bar-related books in a searchable database – if you are curious, I explain it here). Feel free to test me on this – paste 10-15 consecutive (and fairly unique) words from any printed bar exam source you have into an email to me and I will tell you where it is from within a minute (if you really want to test my speed, email me first to make sure I am at my computer, and once I confirm, email me the pasted text). In the past decade, I have likely spent more time analyzing the bar exam than any single person in the world. Thus, there is a lot of really good advice on the site. Everything I tell examinees to do (category priorities, MBE strategies, etc.), I fully explain the rationale behind it. In a way, it makes the subscription site much more daunting (I am aware of this), but I feel it is important for examinees to understand why I am telling them to do something (we know as lawyers that a judge would never issue an opinion without explaining the rationale behind it – I feel a bar review should be held to the same standard).

Do you recommend MBE questions to use?My response.

Response Date: June 2017

While I regard some MBE question sources as better than others, it really comes down to the person and how they study. For example, one examinee who used only Barbri questions scored a 180 on the MBE. Another examinee who only used Adaptibar questions scored a 160 on the MBE. Meanwhile, other examinees who use only Barbri or Adaptibar questions will get a 120 on the MBE.

Please note that if you plan to use the released NCBE questions (e.g. Adaptibar, Barmax, Bestmultis, NCBE's website, Strategies & Tactics books, etc.), make sure to use them as a supplement and to focus on the 400 OPE questions (which are from 2006-2013) and take them repeatedly up until the exam date to obtain the rationales for why the options they select are either correct or incorrect (per NCBE’s instructions). The other 1,100 NCBE questions have limited value because of their age (these questions are from 1972-1998). For example, NCBE provides the following warning with their 1992 questions:

“The 581 questions contained in this document appeared on MBEs administered between 1972 and 1991. Because of their dated nature, many of the questions may test principles that have been altered by changes in the law and thus are no longer suitable topics to be tested. As a result, some of the answers shown in the answer key may be incorrect under currently accepted principles of law. Further, many of these questions do not reflect the current style of MBE questions, and a number of the questions appear in formats that are no longer used on the MBE. The questions and answers in this document are provided only for the purpose of providing applicants with a sample of the range and general format of questions that appeared on previously administered MBEs, not as examples of the content currently tested or of the material to be studied for the substance of the examination. Many of these questions are currently in use, sometimes with alteration, by commercial bar review courses under a licensing arrangement with NCBE. Because these questions are available in the marketplace, NCBE is choosing to make them available online. DO NOT USE THESE QUESTIONS TO STUDY CONTENT FOR THE MULTISTATE BAR EXAMINATION!!” see https://donbushell.com/lawaudio/pdf/MBEQuestions1992061411.pdf

Whether inadvertant or deliberate, NCBE uses two exclamation points to emphasize that examinees should not use the 1992 questions to study content for the MBE. The released 1991 and 1998 NCBE MBE questions (available at http://www.ncbex.org/exams/mbe/preparing/) contain similar warnings. Thus, according to the maker of the MBE, over 70% of their released NCBE questions should NOT be used for substantive preparation for the MBE. Personally, I feel that knowing the law behind the released questions is still helpful (I wrote rules for all the 1,600+ released questions so examinees get an idea of the law that has been tested on the exam in the past without having to go through the trouble of answering all the questions), but it is generally not a good idea to devote all your practice time to these questions if they are your only source of substantive MBE knowledge. I find that a lot of retakers actually see their MBE score go down if they only study the NCBE questions in their MBE practice. This is because the question topic distribution of the old NCBE questions is not reflective of the current exam and there are also significant gaps contextually. For example, out of the 1,600+ released NCBE questions, there are only two questions on Double Jeopardy (1/10 of 1% of the questions). In contrast, Double Jeopardy is tested fairly frequently on the current MBE (I expect it to represent about 1% of your total MBE score). Thus, if you only rely on the released NCBE questions for your knowledge of Double Jeopardy, you will be blind-sided on the MBE exam. The entire area of Constitutional Protection of Accused Persons is severely under-represented in the released NCBE questions (it is just 3% of the 1,600 NCBE questions, but expected to be 7% or more of your MBE score). If you miss 50% of the Criminal Procedure MBE questions due to this incomplete knowledge, that represents about 5 MBE points. To cite another major example, what is being tested on MBE Real Property has changed significantly and is not appropriately reflected in Adaptibar, S&T, Barmax, etc. (likewise, most bar reviews have not adjusted). For example, Fair Housing Act and broker commissions are tested on the MBE, yet you won't find these topics in most materials (instead you will find volumes on future interests & RAP which are now rarely tested). Thus, if your MBE study is based only on the law behind the released NCBE MBE questions, you will be under-prepared for some areas and over-prepared for others.

Check my UBE Score Estimator (which is primarily based on NYBOLE/NCBE studies) on seperac.com to predict an estimate of your total UBE score based on the entered demographic/grade data. The further away you are from passing, the fewer inefficiencies you can have in your studies. For example, a Domestic-educated Caucasian First-Time examinee with a high LSAT/LGPA can study somewhat inefficiently (e.g. put a lower percentage of their time into MBE study, or answer MBE practice questions from only one source, or answer only a few hundred MBE questions in practice) and still pass the exam. In contrast, if you are on the other end of the spectrum (Foreign-educated Non-Caucasian Repeat-Taker), you can’t afford any inefficiencies in your studies.

When a high-ability examinee studies for the bar exam, these examinees understand the material better because they had previously understood it in law school (you don’t get high grades in law school unless you demonstrate your knowledge of the subject matter on exams). These examinees generally also have good writing ability and good memory capacity (which contribute to both law school success and bar exam success). Thus, a high-ability examinee can do inefficient things like listen to the bar review lectures and still do fine on the exam. However, the lower your ability, the less room for error you have in your studying. For example, I strongly believe examinees MUST do well on the MBE in order to pass. There will always be outliers where examinees pass based on a low MBE score and a high written score, but in general it is the best measure of an examinee’s ability. This opinion is shared by NCBE who recently stated that "MBE scores are highly related to total bar exam scores." see http://www.ncbex.org/assets/media_files/Bar-Examiner/articles/2011/800411Testing.pdf

MBE scores are likely related to total bar exam scores because it takes a much longer time for lower-ability examinees to do well on the MBE. This is because an examinee essentially needs to understand 400-500 legal principles to receive an above passing MBE score. For example, a single intentional torts question may require you to know about assault, battery, false imprisonment and IIED to answer it correctly. Thus, examinees with limited legal knowledge will not do as well on the MBE as examinees with more extensive legal knowledge. In contrast, the MEE only consists of 20 legal principles (give or take a few). While a deeper understanding of the law is needed, it is MUCH easier for someone to get “lucky” on the MEE than the MBE. Let’s assume that like the MBE, you need 65% correct on the MEE to pass – this means you need to correctly identify/analyze about 13/20 of the MEE issues. If you get lucky on just a few of them (i.e. what you studied the night before luckily appears), this can account for 10-15% of your total MEE score. With every exam, I hear from examinees who “bluffed” essay answers and received good grades. For the MBE, you really can’t get lucky on it. Even if some of the concepts you studied just before the exam appeared, that will only help you with maybe 2-4 questions. That’s just 2% of your MBE score.

Furthermore, doing well on the MBE involves more than just knowledge – it also involves test-taking skills (and skills require drills). Acquiring this knowledge and skill takes a lot of time – thus if you don’t have a lot of time to spend studying/practicing for the MBE, it is hard to do well on it. While study for the other components of the exam can be “abbreviated” to some extent (e.g. using my materials to abbreviate your MEE essay study or just studying certain subjects and getting lucky), MBE study really can’t be given short-shrift, nor can MBE answered be “bluffed” as with the MEE/MPT (another reason why the bar examiners rely heavily on the MBE and even use it to scale essay/MPT scores).


THE SUBSCRIPTION SITE

The subscription site centers around a simple premise – examinees that do well on the MBE generally pass. I provide advice on how to approach the exam more effectively along with helpful materials to achieve that goal. Thus, subscribers focus heavily on the MBE and take calculated risks with their MEE/MPT study based on the advice/materials on the subscription site. The full subscription provides access to the entire subscription site which consists of everything described below. Think of the subscription site as a very long written tutoring session with a lot of good material, not just the UBE MASTER outline. Whether subscribing will be the difference between you passing or failing, I don’t know. However, I truly feel that if you embrace the strategies/advice on the subscription site and fully utilize the materials, you will give yourself the best chance at passing by studying as efficiently as possible (and thereby devoting more quality time to the MBE). Many examinees have found these methods/materials effective. For example, following are unsolicited comments and testimonials from hundreds of examinees. I realize that I am very fortunate to be in a position where I get to speak with many examinees about the exam. I don ’t take this for granted and I continually work on improving what I do (while cataloging everything). In the decade, I have spent more time analyzing the New York bar exam than any single person in the world. In that time, I have examined the scores from over 4,000 failing examinees, reviewed over 3,000 graded essays/500 MPTs and acquired over 1,500 books related to the bar exam (if you are curious, you can read more about this here). There is pretty much no bar-exam related question I can't answer. Everything I tell examinees to do (MEE priorities, MBE strategies, etc.), I fully explain the rationale behind it. In a way, it makes the subscription site much more daunting (I am aware of this), but I feel it is important for examinees to understand why I am telling them to do something. Subscribers for the July 2017 exam will have access to the site and forum until July 31, 2017. I generally continue doing research that I release on the subscription site up until the exam. On the forum, I am available to give advice, answer questions, respond to comments, or research law, time permitting.

Click here for a detailed explanation of the subscription site


How you are navigating this page is how you would navigate the subscription site. Basically, I summarize the important aspects of the information/advice/materials and then it is discussed in further detail in these expandable "blue text" sections. This is done to give examinees the pertinant information without having to read a wall of text, but the wall of text is there if needed.

The subscription site is essentially a mix of preparation materials, tools and information/advice. The purpose of the materials and the advice is to enable examinees to study as efficiently as possible. For example, UBE MASTER OUTLINE doesn’t predict what topics will appear on the next exam – it simply prioritizes the topics to indicate which topics are not likely to appear. I am somewhere between a supplemental bar review course and a full bar review course. The main thing missing from the subscription site are good MBE questions, although I have 650+ short answer MBE-type questions called MBE Flashcard exams and I give advice on what MBE questions subscribers should use (I reviewed most available MBE practice question sources and determined which were the best to use based on a number of factors such as the average length of the answer explanations). I like to think of my subscription site as a gap-filler. For example, every bar review gives you a lot of books filled with law. These books generally contain too much law for an examinee to review in a timely manner (perhaps so no one can ever complain that a topic appeared on the exam that wasn’t in the books). Furthermore, bar reviews generally do not prioritize the information they give you. I try to cover only the majority of what should be tested on the exam and I prioritize it. I can understand why no one wants to prioritize the information – it is a lot of work to put every single MBE/MEE issue ever tested into a spreadsheet to statistically determine each issue’s average score value, but I do this. Also, if you are wrong, your business model will fail along with your customers. My SEPERAC UBE MASTER OUTLINE is comprehensive, but it is intended to give you the best possible overview of the MBE and MEE in as condensed a format as possible (although it is hardly condensed being 450 pages long). I used these outlines to pass the exam in 2005 with an MBE score of 162. Since then, I have been continually improving them. For example, a subscriber who scored a 174 on the MBE in NY and then a 177 on the MBE in NJ told me: “… as far as the MBE is concerned, your outlines have been most useful since you emphasize the fine distinctions.” I go through a lot of effort to prioritize the categories in the outline so that this large amount of material can be studied efficiently. I have been assigning priorities and analyzing their accuracy for the past 16 exams. You can read more about the prioritizations here. Basically, I calculate how much each category is supposed to contribute in points to the MBE (which results in the MBE priority of HIGH, MED or LOW) and then I use different criteria to determine the MEE priority (it is based on a number of factors to statistically determine if a topic is less likely to appear). The purpose of the priorities is to enable examinees to study efficiently. For example, if a subscriber finds that he or she is having difficulty retaining the wide range of information in the outline, the examinee should focus on the HIGH priority categories (in BLUE) so they can at least be competent on what will probably represent about 50-70% of their total MBE/MEE score. This is something part-time examinees should also consider if they find there is simply too much for them to study/learn. For example, the LOW priority categories (in ORANGE) should represent about 10% of your total MBE/MEE score (and if you follow the study guidelines in the UBE MASTER OUTLINE, it would represent about 10% of your total study). Examinees who are limited in time or memory sometimes opt to give the LOW priority topics just a cursory overview and the MEDIUM priority topics (expected to be about 25% of your total MBE/MEE score) a basic review so that they can focus on the HIGH priority topics (which will make up a majority of the MBE/MEE).

The SEPERAC UBE MASTER OUTLINE is the main outline for you to study. The black letter law sections of the SEPERAC UBE MASTER OUTLINE are designed to cover the majority of the law you will see on the MBE/MEE. Next, the MBE Rules sections are intended to show you exactly how NCBE tested that black letter law in the past on the MBE. This will help your issue spotting on the MBE and improve your overall MBE knowledge without having to spend the time to answer the 1,500+ released NCBE questions (or you can use the rules to supplement your testing of the NCBE MBE questions). Next, the MEE Issues sections are intended to show you what exactly how NCBE tested that law in the past on the MEE (45 exams since 1995). Finally, within the black letter law sections, I include hypotheticals of scenarios that may be tested on the upcoming MBE. All this information is supplemented by the MEE Topic Summaries and the MEE Released Answer Compilation when you need a more in-depth understanding of the topic. The MEE Topic Summaries document contains the MEE black letter law you should know on a prioritized basis. The MEE Released Answer Compilation has all the released NCBE answers (plus released above average answers from other states) sorted in order of priority for the upcoming exam. There is also an MEE Quick Review Outline which is similar to the MEE Released Answer Compilation in that it contains the released NCBE questions (only 206 questions though), but instead of full answers, it has just the issues, their outcomes, and a short answer discussion. This outline should be used for issue-spotting practice. By looking at this information as a whole, you will develop a very good understanding of not just what is tested on the MBE/MEE, but also how it is tested.

Thus, the SEPERAC UBE MASTER OUTLINE is especially helpful if you are not answering the released NCBE questions (because you previously answered them or because you are limited in time and you would prefer to focus on harder MBE questions). I strongly suggest that examinees practice MBE questions from multiple sources (I discuss this in depth on the MBE page) because I find that high scoring MBE examinees generally do MBE practice questions from multiple sources. In contrast, if you only do questions from a specific source, and that source doesn’t adequately represent the mix of easy, medium and hard questions that are expected on the MBE, you risk having a below average MBE score. For example, some repeat examinees who previously scored in the high 120s/low 130s on the MBE actually see their MBE score go down if they only study the NCBE questions on their next attempt.

Since I put a lot of time into trying to understand the exam, you should regard my outlines as a very good reflection of it. There are a lot of smaller outlines you can buy on the internet that will make you feel good because there is less material to study, but I often find that these outlines are too superficial to cover the wide range of nuances that are tested on the MBE/MEE. In contrast, I strive to make my outlines as reflective of the current exam as possible. Thus, you are taking more of a calculated risk with my material as I try to predict the exam (although I am loathe to call them predictions). However, I genuinely regard my materials as the most on-point materials available.

If you are an auditory learner, you will love the subscription site. I make MP3s of a lot of the content (samples are on the subscription page) so you can listen to it rather than read it. For example, I make a Top 50 Released MEE Answers MP3 so examinees can listen to 50 past MEE questions and answers which I regard as most likely to re-appear in some fashion on the upcoming MEE. This is another example of where the subscription site acts as a gap-filler – no other bar review has MP3s of the MEE questions/answers or of MBE Rules based on NCBE questions.

Comments from other examinees will give you a better idea of how actual subscribers use the site:
http://seperac.com/bar/comments.php

To succeed at anything, you have to understand it first. From reading the subscription site, you will develop a very good understanding of the UBE bar exam (probably a better understanding than a lot of bar tutors). For example, to help examinees better understand the bar exam essays/MPT, I created Essay/MPT comparisons. These comparisons examine a collection of essays/MPTs and looks through them for matching words in phrases (minimum of 2 words). The reports contain the document text with the matching phrases underlined. The reports also show PDFs of the two essays you selected side-by-side. The current MEE Comparison consists of 200+ graded essays (this has replaced the pre-UBE essay Comparison which consisted of 2,400+ graded essays). The MPT Comparison consists of 600+ graded MPTs spanning the past 14 MPT administrations (from February 2010 to July 2016). This is another example of where the subscription site acts as a gap-filler – no other bar review provides graded MEEs/MPTs for examinees to review and compare side by side.

Following are small samples of the February and July 2010 comparisons for illustration purposes:

http://www.seperac.com/Feb2010Analysis/
http://www.seperac.com/examinees/JULY2010/

I feel these Comparisons are invaluable for examinees to quickly and efficiently discover "what works" versus "what doesn't work" on the MEE/MPT. For example, one examinee told me: "I did much better on my essays this time due in large part to your comparison tool. I found that to be extremely helpful." For the exam, this examinee's essay average was better than 95% of examinees that sent me their scores. In contrast, on the prior exam, the examinee's essay average was better than only 58% of the examinees that sent me their scores.

The most significant way in which the subscription site acts as a gap-filler is the advice and strategies it contains that are derived from my obsession with information and statistics. Over the past ten years, I have statistically analyzed score sheets (4,000+), essays (2,000+), MPTs (600+), examinees (2,000+ supplemental post exam followups) and bar materials (1,500 bar-related books in a searchable database – if you are curious, I explain it here: http://seperac.com/learning.php). In the past decade, I have likely spent more time analyzing the bar exam than any single person in the world. Thus, there is a lot of good advice on the site. Everything I tell examinees to do (category priorities, MBE strategies, etc.), I fully explain the rationale behind it. In a way, it makes the subscription site much more daunting (I am aware of this), but I feel it is important for examinees to understand why I am telling them to do something. Think of the subscription site as a long written tutoring session with a lot of really good material. Some comments I’ve received from Feb 2017 subscribers: “When compared to my previous outlines, your outlines are more coherent and I love the fact that MBE rules and MEE topic issues are synthesized into the outline. Thank you.“ ; “Thanks so much for all your help thus far.  Both the master outline and the essay compilation are fantastic. “;  “Many thanks Joe for all the material you've provided so far. Solving MBE and doing the essays makes me realise the giant amount of time and effort you've put into your materials so thank you so much for your thoughtfulness.”; “I am sorry that I asked you before completing the section on MEE. It is very helpful.” ; “despite nearly 10 years working for ***, I have never before seen such impressive use of Word!” ; Your MEE outline was helpful.  I did not have much time.  Without it I would have bombed today's MEE.” ; “One more day to go... it was not bad today. All your precious were almost accurate in essays I was so impressed when I opened the book. I don't know how I did but at least I didn't panic at all just kept write what ever I was able to recall.  Thanks!”

While there is a lot of useful information and materials on this site, the UBE MASTER OUTLINE is the pièce de résistance of this subscription site. In my humble opinion, it is by far the best MBE/MEE study outline available anywhere. Why do I regard it as the most effective outline you could ever use for the UBE exam? First, the black letter law portions of the outline are highly on point, both proportionally and contextually. For example, for the upcoming exam, I intend to have 25 pages of black letter law per MBE subject since each MBE subject consists of 25 graded questions. For each page of black letter law, my goal is to have it represent one expected question on the MBE. Thus, by reading these 175 pages of black letter law, you should be very prepared for the law that will be tested on the upcoming MBE. I am very reactive with my content/priorities because all the information I have is stored as data that I can manipulate (for example, you might be surprised to learn that the UBE MASTER OUTLINE is created entirely by scripts with the data taken from Excel). In contrast, other bar reviews modify their materials at a glacial pace, which is why examinees often feel blindsided after taking the exam. For example, based on the NBCE Subject Matter outline, the subject of Real Property consists of five categories: (1) Ownership; (2) Rights in Land; (3) Contracts; (4) Mortgages; and (5) Titles. Each category is equally weighted, meaning each category will represent 20% of your Real Property MBE score. However, if you look at the MBE outlines of the big bar reviews, you would not see anything remotely close to these proportions. For example, 44% of Barbri's Real Property outline is based on category 1 (Ownership) even though it is only 20% of an examinee's MBE score. Meanwhile, 7% of Barbri's Real Property outline is based on category 3 (Contracts) even though it is 20% of an examinee's MBE score. Likewise, 8% of Barbri's Real Property outline is based on category 4 (Mortgages) even though it is 20% of an examinee's MBE score. Kaplan is similar – 45% of Kaplan's Real Property outline is based on category 1 (Ownership); 9% is based on category 3 (Contracts) and 9% is based on category 4 (Mortgages). This is why areas such as brokerage contracts or the Fair Housing Act (which are now frequently tested on the MBE) barely get a mention in the Barbri and Kaplan books.

With my materials, what you can expect on the exam is what you can expect in my outlines. As discussed above, there are a lot of smaller outlines you can buy/download from the internet that will make you feel good because there is less material to study, but I regard these outlines are too superficial to cover the wide range of nuances that are tested on the MBE/MEE. Quite honestly, sometimes I feel that I need more than one page of black letter law per MBE question to cover all the nuances for each MBE topic, but I have settled on one page per MBE question for the time being. However, unless you are domestic educated first-time candidate, smaller outlines will leave you with too many gaps in your MBE knowledge. Basically, the closer you are to the demographic of a domestic educated first-time candidate, the greater your margin of error in MBE study (meaning such examinees can afford to miss questions on new MBE topics such as brokerage contracts or the Fair Housing Act because these examinees will still score 65%-75% correct on the MBE based on their demographic). However, the further away you are from this demographic, the lower your margin of error on the MBE (meaning you really need every point you can get because your expected MBE % correct is typically lower than 65%, i.e. below 140 scaled). Put simply, at risk candidates must study as efficiently as possible because they either don’t have the time or ability to fully comprehend everything, so they really can’t afford to study anything that is not on point or incomplete.

Second, for the entire universe of legal issues tested on the released MBE and MEE questions over the past 20+ years, there are MBE rule and MEE issue synopses built into the UBE MASTER OUTLINE. Since the MBE and MEE often re-test issues (there are only so many things you can test in only so many ways), having all the past issues in front of you (organized by category and written in a way to give you a quick overview of each specific issue) will give you a distinct advantage on the exam. Put simply, rather than having to read thousands of pages of past exams to pick up these tested issues, they have all been conveniently synopsized for you as one-sentence issue/rule statements. More importantly, because these issues/rules are organized by category, you will be able to make connections much more easily in your study, facilitating your learning/understanding of each category.

Next, the outline is designed to facilitate your studying. It is in WORD format so you can edit it. Thus, as you answer/review MBE practice questions, you can add your MBE rules to the appropriate MBE rules section of each category. You can also add text anywhere to the outline along with comments or highlighting (subscribers frequently add extensive commenting or color-coding to the outline). The outline has links to two other documents – the MEE MASTER RELEASED ANSWER COMPILATION document contains every MEE question and answer for the past 20 years which is linked to the MEE issue synopsis in the UBE MASTER OUTLINE. The MEE MASTER TOPIC SUMMARIES document contains prioritized summaries/synopses of the legal principles tested on the MEE exam since 1995 (which is the law you would discuss on an MEE essay). The comprehensive linking (there are 1,000+ links) truly facilitates efficient studying because you can jump around to learn more about an unfamiliar issue/topic without wasting any time searching. It's hard to appreciate something like this until you use it.

Finally, all the MBE-MEE categories in the outline are prioritized. I honestly don't think anyone in the world has done what I have done, which is to go through each issue ever tested on the MBE and MEE over the past 20 years and categorize it in a spreadsheet and then analyze the data to determine the value of each category along with its probability of appearance. Put simply, the priorities will make your MBE/MEE studying as efficient as possible. Keep in mind that basing your study-time on these priorities doesn't guarantee that you will understand each topic – it simply ensures that you never inefficiently over-study a topic. More so, since the MEE only tests about 20 issues per exam, if the MEE priorities in the UBE MASTER OUTLINE help you answer just 3-4 more issues than you would have answered without the outline, this can account for 10-15% of your total MEE score.


The full subscription consists of all the below modules (UBE MASTER, MEE Study, MEE Strategy, MBE-MEE Outlines, MBE, MPT Study and MPT Strategy) along with a number of other pages (explained below):

   



Please note that full subscribers must forward to me an unredacted copy of their July 2017 UBE exam application receipt email (the email subject is "Your Completed Application Receipt") in order to receive the JULY 2017 UBE MASTER outline. Therefore, if providing your unredacted application receipt is problematic to you, you can still subscribe as a full subscriber, but you will not be able to receive the updated J17 UBE MASTER OUTLINE. Please also note that if I have a problem verifying your BOLE ID, you will be required to submit more information to prove your identity before you can receive the outline.

Click here to read about the explanation for this policy


My policy of requiring subscribers to submit an unredacted UBE Application Receipt for the upcoming exam before they can receive the updated UBE MASTER OUTLINE is intended to protect both subscribers and my materials. The purpose of the subscription site is to increase your odds of passing the UBE exam through my advice and materials. With each exam, I put a great deal of time and research into the UBE MASTER OUTLINE to keep it contextually and proportionately on point (for example, the J17 outline will be at least 25% different from the F17 outline) and I release it in an unprotected format so that examinees can fully utilize it (adding notes, changing the fonts, highlighting/color-coding, etc.). Accordingly, if someone shares this outline with others, each subscriber's odds of passing the exam go down. Subscribers to the subscription site must affirm that they will not sell or in any other way disseminate any of the copyrighted materials on the site. In the past, some subscribers violated these terms. For example, prior to implementing this policy, my material was being re-sold on craigslist, ebay, and asian ebay type sites (and probably other places I was unaware of). I was even told by multiple examinees that Chinese professors were using my material in their bar review classes. Thus, I use the application receipt to protect subscribers by confirming the legitimacy of each subscriber. Put simply, an examinee who is actually taking the upcoming exam is much less likely to sell/share the updated UBE MASTER OUTLINE with others because doing so negatively affects that examinee's odds of passing the exam. In contrast, if someone is not taking the exam but is merely tutoring other examinees, such a person would likely have no qualms about sharing my material (and such sharing is more likely to become wide-spread). Initially, I tried to accommodate the privacy concerns of subscribers by permitting subscribers to submit redacted application receipts. However, after receiving a number of counterfeit application receipts, I was forced to require that the application receipt to be unredacted so I can verify the examinee is submitting a legitimate application receipt for the upcoming exam. Please keep in mind that to subscribe, you must provide personal information about yourself (both through the subscription sign-up and through the payment processor). Thus, the only extra information I obtain from the UBE Application Receipt is your BOLE ID. As I discuss in more detail on the free site and the subscription site, I always hold an examinee’s identity strictly confidential (assuming they are not in violation of the subscription site's terms and conditions). In the past ten years, I have had thousands of examinees subscribe and/or send me their scores/essays to review and I have never had an examinee tell me that their identity was compromised in any way. Therefore, if providing your unredacted application receipt is problematic to you, you can still subscribe as a full subscriber, but you will not be able to receive the updated UBE MASTER OUTLINE when it is released.


NOTE: Former subscribers can re-subscribe at a discounted price of $250, but resubscribers must first submit their application receipt to me at joe@seperac.com (meaning the earliest you can re-subscribe is when the application period opens). To receive this discount, re-subscribers must provide me with an unredacted copy of their UBE application receipt proving that they are taking the upcoming exam. Once I verify the application receipt and confirm that the prior subscription account information matches the UBE application receipt, I will send you a discount code they can use to receive the discounted rate. It bothers me to have to enact policies that make it harder for examinees to prepare for the exam, but unfortunately this is a situation where a few bad apples truly spoiled it for the bunch.


UBE MASTER MODULE

Until the JULY 2017 UBE MASTER OUTLINE is released (late May for July exams and late December for February exams), examinees should review the FEB 2017 UBE MASTER OUTLINE. If you use this older version, you should not rely on the priorities and you should not edit the document (unless you are willing to cut and paste those changes into the JULY 2017 UBE MASTER OUTLINE when it is released).

The JULY 2017 SEPERAC UBE MASTER OUTLINE was released on May 26, 2017. Since examinees are taking a calculated risk by following the priorities in this outline, I prepare a detailed post-exam analysis of the priorities for each administration (16 exams to date) it was used to enable examinees (and myself) to better assess that risk. This post-exam analysis can be reviewed here.

Click here to read about why I created the UBE MASTER OUTLINE


After reviewing the July 2016 UBE, it became clear to me that the MBE and MEE are too intertwined to be studied for separately. For example, on the July 2016 UBE exam, 68% of an examinee's MEE score (which is 30% of the total UBE score) came from MBE subjects (meaning 70% of an examinee’s total UBE score came from the 7 MBE subjects). I expect NCBE’s testing of the MEE specific subjects on the MEE to wax and wane from exam to exam – on some exams a majority of the MEE will be based on the MEE specific subjects whereas other MEE exams will consist mainly of MBE subjects. However, to handle such a variance between exams, a unified MBE/MEE outline is needed. Thus, all my subject matter outlines (for the 14 subjects) have been combined into a single outline – this SEPERAC UBE MASTER OUTLINE. For each ABC category (162 MBE/MEE ABC categories and 196 MEE categories for a total of 358 different categories) contained in the 2017 NCBE Subject Matter outlines, I outline what I regard as the relevant black letter law (along with hypotheticals and examples) followed by the relevant MBE rules and MEE issues for that category, along with a link to any MEE MASTER topic summaries. Basically, all my outlines for the MBE and MEE have been unified and interconnected while also keyed to the NCBE Subject Master outlines.

The SEPERAC UBE MASTER OUTLINE is a “dense” condensed outline. Due to the wide range of content that can be tested on the MBE and MEE, a denser outline is the more appropriate choice to study for upcoming exam issues. For example, a subscriber who scored a 174 on the MBE in NY and then a 177 on the MBE in NJ told me: “… as far as the MBE is concerned, your outlines have been most useful since you emphasize the fine distinctions.” Furthermore, I determined that there are fewer “repeat” topics on the MEE as compared to the pre-UBE essays, necessitating the need for a broader/denser overall outline. In categorized every single topic tested on the MEE since 1995, I determined that out of the 798 individual topics tested on the past 44 MEE exams, 519 of these topics were tested just once (65%) while 279 of these topics were tested more than once (35%). I then broadened the scope by looking at the ABC Categories (there are 358 ABC categories based on the NCBE subject matter outlines). Out of the 358 ABC categories, 247 categories have been tested on the MEE since 1995, meaning 111 ABC categories have not been tested yet. In regards to the 247 ABC categories that have been tested, 61 of the categories have been tested only once (25%), while 186 of the categories have been tested more than once (75%). Thus, one is much better able to 'predict' what ABC categories will appear rather than individual topics. Put simply, if my outline was based solely on previously tested MEE topics (which is what the pre-unified MASTER outline did), it would cover only about 35% of an upcoming MEE exam (based only on specific topics).

Finally, I have found that topics tested on the MEE that pertain to MBE subjects are also tested on the MBE. This makes sense, as NCBE probably uses MEE fact patterns to construct MBE questions and vice versa. This is especially true with the subject of Civil Procedure (which was added to the MBE in 2015) probably because NCBE needed to create a large pool of questions for the MBE so it likely went to the best source it had – prior MEE questions going back 44 MEE exams. As such, examinees should be looking at MEE issues when studying for the MBE and at MBE issues when studying for the MEE – this outline enables you to do so.

One of the most important aspects of these outlines are the priorities. As I explain in detail on this page, the priorities enable examinees to study based on how much each category is expected to contribute to their score. If you are studying full time (8-9 hours per day for 6-7 days per week), then you should follow the study-time recommendations for each category (e.g. study 3x a week, 2x a week, 1x a week, 1x every two weeks, or 1x every month). If you are studying part-time (or you are using this material only to supplement your full-bar review), you should adjust the study-time proportionally. Studying this outline based on the assigned priorities should lead to the most efficient outcome on the upcoming UBE exam.


The SEPERAC UBE MASTER OUTLINE is intended to help examinees improve their outcome on the bar exam. This "outline" consists of three separate word documents (click on each link to see a sample):

SEPERAC-J17 EXAM-UBE MASTER OUTLINE – The best way to understand this outline is to see it. Click here to view a sample. It is a 495 page outline containing black letter law outlines for the 14 MBE/MEE subjects that is keyed to the 2017 NCBE Subject Matter outlines and broken down into 358 different categories. There are MBE/MEE priorities for each of the 358 testable categories. If the category has been tested on a released MBE or MEE exam, every associated MBE rule or MEE issue is reported after the black letter law section (based on 1,600+ MBE rules and 1,300+ MEE issues from the past 20+ years). The MEE issues section for each category also contains hyperlinks that will take you to the relevant MEE MASTER topic summaries for that category or to the MEE answer for that issue. This outline is fully up to date for the July 2017 exam, meaning it reflects the recent NCBE changes to Real Property topics and Evidence priorities.

SEPERAC-F17 EXAM-MEE MASTER-TOPIC SUMMARIES – Click here to view a sample. A 200+ page outline containing prioritized summaries/synopses of the legal principles tested on the MEE exam since 1995. The topics are categorized based on the ABC subcategories contained in the NCBE Subject Matter outlines. The categories are sorted based on priority for the upcoming exam (highest priority first, then medium priority, then low priority). These generic paragraphs not only explain the relevant law, but can also be used to speed the writing process on the exam (even to bluff your way through parts of a question).

SEPERAC-F17 EXAM-MEE MASTER-RELEASED ANSWER COMPILATION – Click here to view a sample. This Compilation outline (1,530 pages) is based on the last 45 MEE exams and contains 303 MEE questions. Each MEE question is followed by the NCBE Answer Analysis (and more recent questions also have the best examinee answers from other states). The MEE questions in this Compilation are grouped by priority (based on the SEPERAC MASTER priorities and other criteria) with the most important questions/answers first. The Compilation also identifies every single issue tested on every single essay – this can be used to check whether your issue-spotting is on point when you are outlining.

To understand the benefits of these outlines and how they work, simply click on the above links to view samples of each outline along with the annotated explanations. MP3s are also created for each MASTER topic (usually 1-2 weeks after the MASTER outline is released). A representative sample MP3 can be downloaded here. I advise examinees to listen to these while commuting/working out/etc or if simply want to give your eyes a rest. As one examinee told me: "the MP3s are great when I am tired of reading." Listening to the material rather than reading it forms a different memory impression, so on the exam if you don’t remember something you read, you may instead recall something you heard. For example, a subscriber who recently passed told me "I had about a two to three hour drive to the location of the bar exam.  So, I downloaded from your website the MP3s for the topics labeled high priority, and listened to all the topics during my drive.  This actually helped a lot as I really took in the material I listened to in the car.  I would highly recommend doing this for any one using your website."

Rather than trying to decipher what is important, the UBE MASTER outline tells you what is important for the MBE and MEE. I have enough confidence in what I do that I track the success of my priorities (so far, over the past 16 exams).

Click here to read more about this


In my analysis of bar exam essay topics over the past nine years, I have concluded that you cannot predict the essay topics for an upcoming exam – you can only assess topic priorities. The MASTER priorities use statistical analysis to determine which topics are not likely to appear on the upcoming exam. Once this is done, it is easier to identify which topics are more likely to appear on the upcoming exam. I strongly believe that the MEE MASTER outline is the most efficient way an examinee can study for the MEE essays (so an examinee can devote more time to the MBE). I put a great deal of time into determining the MASTER priorities for each exam – the priorities go far beyond simply looking at the frequency of appearance of a topic. A topic cannot appear on every exam and the MASTER priorities try to account for that.

Since examinees are taking a calculated risk by following the MASTER priorities, I prepare a detailed post-exam analysis of MASTER for each administration it was used (16 administrations so far) to enable examinees (and myself) to better assess that risk. I also publish an even more detailed post-exam analysis on the subscription site after each exam. I know that many examinees rely on me to give them good information, so I regard it as bar review malpractice to not examine and report on the effectiveness of the information I provide:

http://seperac.com/bar/analysis.php

After I develop the statistical methodologies for the priorities, I test how these conditions would have worked on past exams (e.g. if I made a J15 MASTER, how well would it have predicted F16 MEE topics, if I made a F15 MASTER, how well would it have predicted J15 MEE topics, etc.). This “scenario testing” serves as a confirmation that the priorities are on point. If this was not the case, I would never release a prioritized list and tell examinees to rely on it. As stated above, I regard it as bar review malpractice to give advice to someone that requires them to take significant calculated risks in their studying unless it is strongly supported by the data.

The priorities may sometimes seem illogical (i.e. a frequently appearing topic has a low priority or a rarely appearing topic has a high priority). However, every priority is based on a logical set of criteria to establish its priority. The determination of MASTER priorities is strictly formula based – I do not make any subjective assessments. Accordingly, the MASTER priorities are reactive – if the examiners modify how they select previously tested topics, the MASTER priorities change accordingly. Often, I am not even aware of the current priority of a specific topic since my opinion plays no role in the determination of the priorities.

Even though the bar examiners may "shake things up" occasionally, there still needs to be an overall consistency to essay topic selection. Put simply, the more inconsistent the examiners are with essay topic selection, the less likely the exam will determine an applicant’s proficiency. For example, if a large number of obscure topics were tested, most examinees would do poorly on them, making it harder to distinguish applicants sufficiently to determine who is qualified versus unqualified.

Please keep in mind that the priorities in this MEE MASTER outline are specific to the current exam only. For example, if you test the priorities in the current MASTER against the immediately preceding bar exam, the priorities would be inaccurate (you can see how wildly the priorities can sometimes change in the above scenario examples). In the past, an average of 30% of the priorities change between each exam (in some cases, up to 50%). Thus, when you study, rely on the topic’s priority rather than the topic's frequency of appearance.

I believe I am the only bar review that publicly documents the accuracy of their "predictions" and reports them. However, I am loathe to call them predictions because in my analysis of the exam essay topics over the past nine years, I have concluded that you cannot predict the essay topics for an upcoming exam  – you can only assess topic priorities. For example, the MASTER priorities use statistical analysis to determine which topics are not likely to appear on the upcoming exam. Once this is done, it is easier to identify which topics are more likely to appear on the upcoming exam.

If you follow the MASTER priorities, it should lead to the best outcome because you will have a better “feel” for the exam as a whole (with fewer surprises than if you skipped entire subjects). I honestly think the bar examiners throw darts to choose some of the subjects. Thus, I regard it as a mistake to ignore a subject on the MEE simply because it appeared on the last exam (or even last two exams). Ignoring a subject is more of a gamble while following the MASTER priorities is more of a calculated risk since the priorities better represent the the better likelihood of a topic appearing on the upcoming exam. In my UBE MASTER OUTLINE priorities, the pattern of subject appearance is just 1 factor out of 10 that I use to determine the priority of a category. For example, in looking at all the past MEE exams, when Contracts appears on an exam, there is an 11% chance that Contracts will appear on the next exam; or when Torts appears on an exam, there is an 89% chance that Constitutional Law will appear on the next exam. However, for the F17 MEE, Contracts was tested even though it appeared on the J16 MEE exam. Furthermore, Constitutional Law was not tested on the F17 MEE even though Torts was tested on the J16 MEE. Had an examinee relied purely on subject probabilities, that examinee would not have done as well as if the examinee relied on the MASTER priorities instead.

These outlines and priorities have helped a number of examinees pass the exam. You can read testimonials from other examinees here.

NOTE: While the UBE MASTER OUTLINE is available through the full subscription, it is not yet available for purchase as an individual module.

MEE STUDY MODULE

Along with general advice on how to study for the MEE, the MEE Study Module consists of MEE study materials that are not available anywhere else (click on the below links to expand the item explanations and to view samples). The MEE Study Module is worth getting if: (1) you don’t have access to the released MEE questions/answers and plan to buy them; OR (2) you are an auditory learner; (3) you need to improve your MEE issue spotting; or (4) you intend to answer MEE questions and self-evaluate. If you plan to buy the released MEE questions & answers, it is much more cost-effective (and extremely more efficient) to obtain these questions/answers/synopses through this MEE Study module since you will save $50 ($99 for the MEE Study Module versus $150 to purchase the 2012-2017 MEEs from NCBE) and you will also gain access to a lot of other useful MEE materials/tools that no other bar review provides.

Seperac MEE Essay Compilation (containing the last 45 MEE exams)Click to read more

Click here to see a sample of the Seperac MEE Essay Compilation

Basically, this is a WORD file of all the released MEE questions and answers from 1995 to Feb 2017 (45 exams) in a single document where the information is edited and arranged in a certain way to make MEE studying/practice more efficient. For example, the compilation is sorted by subject to make it easier to see testing patterns, it is edited to remove the unnecessary information (10% smaller), the questions no longer tested (UCC3) are absent from the compilation, the answers follow the questions for easy grading/review, every answer is divided into discrete sections based on issue with point values so you can self-evaluate, and it also contains released MEE answers from other states.

Much like the recently released MBE questions (OPE 1-4) reflect the current MBE, the recently released MEE questions reflect the current MEE. Accordingly, I licensed the 1995-2017 MEE exams from NCBE and then created a single MEE Compilation document (to purchase the 2012-2016 MEEs from NCBE costs $150). This Seperac MEE Essay Compilation contains all the MEE exams from Feb 1995 to Feb 2017 (45 exams) in a single document, along with MEE answer exemplars from other states. In this document, all 303 NBCE MEE answers have been significantly edited to improve their readability for studying purposes. The document is released in WORD and PDF format, so it is editable and searchable. An explanation of this compilation and a sample of it can be viewed here. The licensed NCBE MEE Questions and Answers from 1995 to present can also be downloaded as PDFs from the subscription site.

In the March 2015 Testing Column of the NCBE Bar Examiner, the Director of NCBE Test Operations stated: "To prepare graders, NCBE provides detailed grading materials, which are subjected to review by outside content experts, editing by drafting committees, and proofing and cite-checking by NCBE lawyer-editors. ... the grading materials are included in MEE and MPT study aids, so prospective examinees can become familiar with the questions and what graders are looking for in examinee answers." Thus, by reviewing the NCBE grading materials contained in this MEE Compilation document, you are looking at what the graders are also looking at.

Since 1995, NCBE has released 44 MEE exams (from Feb 1995 to July 2016). Each MEE exam contains 6-9 questions (7 questions in exams from Feb 1995 to Feb 2007, 9 questions in exams from July 2007 to July 2013 and 6 questions in exams from Feb 2014 to July 2015) along with a corresponding answer analysis from NCBE for each question. Currently, the MEE tests 14 subjects: Agency & Partnership, Civil Procedure, Conflict of Laws, Constitutional Law, Contracts, Corporations & LLCs, Criminal Law & Procedure, Evidence, Family Law, Real Property, Secured Transactions, Torts, Trusts, and Wills & Estates. The subjects of Agency & Partnership, Corporations, Civil Procedure, Conflicts, Family Law, Secured Transactions, Trusts and Wills & Estates have been tested since February 1995 while MEE testing of the MBE subjects (with the exception of Civil Procedure) began in July 2007. In addition, NCBE formerly tested the subject of Negotiable Instruments/Commercial Paper, but this subject was removed from MEE exam-testing in February 2014.

Utilizing these licensed MEE materials, I created this Seperac MEE Essays Compilation document which contains all the released MEE essay questions and answer analysis from Feb 1995 to present. This compilation is a very efficient way to review the MEE essay questions and answers. It is superior to the individual MEE exam PDFs available from NCBE (which can be downloaded from the subscription site) for a number of reasons:

• This Seperac MEE Essays Compilation document contains all the MEE exams from 1995 to present in a single document. Utilizing the hyperlinked Table of Contents or Microsoft Word’s Navigation Pane, you can jump to any subject, question or answer instantly. To use the hyperlinked Table of Contents, simply hold down the CTRL key and click on an item in the Table of Contents and you will jump to that question in the Seperac MEE Essays Compilation document. In addition, if you go to View from the menu, if you check "Navigation pane" in the Show menu, you will see a hyperlinked navigation pane on the left side of the document. By creating a word document, the document is editable and searchable. You can make this document your own, by adding notes, comments, or special formatting or highlighting. In addition, examinees can search the document for keywords in the past essay questions and answers. On the Menu/Ribbon, if you go to View, there is a macro button called "Count Words." If you click on the button, a dialog box will ask "What word do you want to count?" Enter a word or a phrase and then press OK. For example, if you enter the phrase "attractive nuisance", you will be told that "attractive nuisance appears 2 times" in the questions and answers from 1995 to present.

• In this Seperac MEE Essays Compilation document, the NCBE Answer Analysis always appears after the question. In the released MEE exam booklets, the questions are grouped together and then the corresponding answers are grouped together. This requires an examinee to hunt for the answer to each question. In addition, the questions and answers in this Seperac MEE Essays Compilation document are separated by a page break so an examinee can read an MEE essay and and answer the question (or quickly issue spot) without any hint of the answer, and the examinee can then go to the answer explanation(s) on the next page. This means that an examinee can use this Seperac MEE Essays Compilation document not only for MEE studying, but also for MEE testing.

• Each NCBE Answer Analysis in this Seperac MEE Essays Compilation document has been significantly edited for readability. In the released MEE exams, the answers contain numerous citations that are irrelevant to an examinee answering the MEE questions. Removing these superfluous citations has made the answers 10% shorter. Put simply, examinees do not have the time to read nor research these citations although I have left only the most important citations in the answers, and I abbreviated these citations to reduce their complexity. In addition, the MEE answers are better organized. In some cases, the number of Legal Problems in the Answer Analysis did not correspond with the number of Answer points. In all cases, this has been fixed so the answers are consistent. All these changes are intended to make studying for the MEE more efficient. Please note that all the typographical errors I encounter are corrected in these essays, so they will not mirror the MEE essays released by NCBE. Also, there are intentional (but de minimus) mistakes intended to identify any copying/sharing of this compilation.

• This Seperac MEE Essays Compilation document also contains released MEE answers from other states. Currently, 80+ of the MEE questions have exemplars from states of New York, Minnesota and Arkansas (please note that these exemplars may occasionally refer to their state law within these answers). By analyzing these above average answers, examinees will learn to write passing MEE essays by example. These "best examinee" answers provide insight as to what type of writing and how much knowledge and analysis is required for an above average score that is not at the level of the released NCBE Answer Analyses.

• Unlike the MEE booklets, the MEE questions in this Seperac MEE Essays Compilation document are grouped by subject, with the questions sorted from newest to oldest. This enables an examinee to quickly and efficiently get an understanding of each MEE subject. For example, an examinee with very little study time should look at the first few questions from each MEE subject while an examinee who has a good bit of study time should look at 5-10 questions from each MEE subject. Furthermore, only the relevant MEE questions are included in this Seperac MEE Essays Compilation. For example, the 30 questions on UCC Article 3 Negotiable Instruments Commercial Paper (tested in the Feb 1995-July 2013 exams) have been removed because this subject is no longer tested on the MEE.

I recommend that examinees read (and/or listen to the MP3s of) the MEE essays and answers for the last ten administrations, if not more. The purpose of reading these essays is to understand how MEE essay questions are posed and how to identify the issues and appropriately respond. Reading, listening to, outlining, and answering these MEE essays will teach you how to compose an MEE answer that the bar examiners are looking for.

If you have the released MEE questions, you can essentially grade yourself by comparing your answers to the NCBE answer analyses. According to the maker of the MEE: “NCBE’s grader training and materials also assign weights to subparts in a question. So an examinee who performs well on one subpart of an MEE question worth 25% of the total score that could be awarded for that question is not assured a 6 unless he performs well on the other parts of the question, too, in comparison with other examinees. In other words, there is a weighting framework for assigning points, which helps to keep graders calibrated and consistent.” see the March 2015 NCBE Testing Column: Judith A. Gundersen, The Testing Column, Essay Grading Fundamentals, The Bar Examiner (March 2015). This differs from pre-UBE essay grading where it appeared the graders reviewed the essays more holistically (i.e. looking at the overall answer and then assigning a score). On the MEE, the graders are somewhat constrained by the grading weights, meaning that a well written answer with good reasoning that misses issues will probably score lower than a poorly written answer with basic analysis that correctly identifies all the issues.

Since the graders are referring to a point-sheet, I believe issue-spotting is paramount on the MEE (this is why I made the MEE Quick Review Issue Spotting outline). Because an MEE question must be answered in 30 minutes, there is less time for an examinee to write a thoughtful analysis that might sway the grader. Instead, the MEE is seemingly designed as a hit-and-run exam where examinees must hit each issue and then simply run to the next one. In such circumstances, if what you say is not on the grader’s checklist, you are not likely to earn points for it. For example, following is a J16 MEE essay that received an above-passing score by merely spotting the issues and writing the rules with some short analysis and correct conclusions.

If you are willing to self-evaluate, I suggest you write answers to released MEE questions under timed conditions and then consult the NCBE Answer Analysis to determine your grade. For each discrete point that is graded, if you correctly spotted the issue and concluded correctly (with some accurate law and relevant analysis in-between), you can confidently give yourself half-credit for that answer. If you can score half-credit for every issue, it will likely be an above-passing MEE answer. For example, Essay #3 from the July 2016 MEE (Torts) dealt with the issues of 'standard of care', 'strict liability', 'products liability' and 'market share liability.' For this Torts essay, I found that examinees that addressed the issues by simply applying the negligence standard of duty, breach, causation and liability generally did not receive above-passing scores (further supporting by belief that issue spotting trumps analysis on the MEE), meaning you are less likely to fake an answer and get credit for it.

You can also write an answer to a question in the MEE Comparison and then compare your answer to other graded answers (I am working on an automated way of doing this). If this is too much effort, you can simply look at passing and above-passing MEEs. For example, one subscriber told me: “I think this helped me immensely, because although I had not practiced writing any essays, I still really got a feel for the tone, length, content and structure of passing answers which created a ‘voice’ in my head when writing essays.” Put simply, good essays look like other good essays.

Seperac Quick Review Issue Spotting Outline (based on 200+ MEE questions)Click to read more

Click here to see a sample of the Seperac Quick Review Issue Spotting Outline

MEE scores are highly dependant on issue spottting. For example, Essay #3 from the July 2016 MEE (a good issue-spotter Torts essay) dealt with the issues of 'standard of care', 'strict liability', 'products liability' and 'market share liability.' For this Torts essay, I found that examinees that addressed the issues by simply applying the negligence standard of duty, breach, causation and liability generally did not receive above-passing scores, meaning you are less likely to fake an answer and get credit for it. Because the MEE questions are shorter (30 minutes per answer) but still contain 3-4 issues per question, examinees have less time to discuss topics in depth. On the pre-UBE essays, the graders graded the essays more holistically while the MEE graders refer to a point-sheet. Thus, I believe issue-spotting is paramount on the MEE, so I created this MEE Quick Review Issue Spotting outline. Because an MEE question must be answered in 30 minutes, there is less time for an examinee to write a thoughtful analysis that might sway the grader. Instead, the MEE is seemingly designed as a hit-and-run exam where examinees must hit each issue and then simply run to the next one. In such circumstances, if what you say is not on the grader’s checklist, you are not likely to earn points for it. For example, there are passing examinee answers in the MEE Comparison that merely spot all the issues and then have some rules, short analysis and correct conclusions.

I created this Quick Review outline to improve an examinee's MEE issue spotting. The Seperac MEE Quick Review Outline (based on the last 200+ released MEE questions) serves as an excellent way to familiarize yourself with how the MEE questions for each subject are posed, what issues are at play, and what the outcomes are, along with a brief discussion of the answer. For examinees that have practiced essays and are confident their writing and analysis will be satisfactory, this Quick Review enables an examinee to efficiently review a wide range of past MEE essays (most likely the most important ones) and their corresponding issues/answers to improve their issue spotting and knowledge. A sample of this Quick Review outline can be viewed here. In order to learn how to fully utilize this Quick Review outline, please read the introduction section of the outline. For auditory learners, there are also MP3s of this outline. A sample MP3 of the Quick Review outline can be listened to here.

This outline contains every released MEE question from 2002 to 2017 (with the exception of Negotiable Instruments/Commercial Paper questions which are no longer tested on the MEE exam). This outline contains 206 MEE questions on 14 subjects: Agency & Partnership, Civil Procedure, Conflict of Laws, Constitutional Law, Contracts, Corporations & LLCs, Criminal Law & Procedure, Evidence, Family Law, Real Property, Secured Transactions, Torts, Trusts, and Wills & Estates. Please note that MEE testing of the MBE subjects (with the exception of Civil Procedure) only began in July 2007, so there are fewer MEE questions for these subjects.

The MEE questions in this Quick Review Outline are grouped by subject, with the questions sorted from newest to oldest. Examinees should focus on one subject at a time, reading each question from that subject and then attempting to issue spot (either on paper or in your head). The questions and short answers in this outline are separated by a page break so an examinee can read each question without any hint of the answer, and the examinee can then go to the answer explanation on the next page to self-assess. The questions for each subject are sorted from most recent to least recent because I regard the more recent exam questions as more important (much like the recently released MBE questions in the OPE 1-4 exams reflect the current MBE, the recently released MEE questions from 2012-2017 reflect the current MEE).

The Answer Analysis section contains a list of the relevant legal problems tested in the question (which are referred to as “Issues”) along with an answer to each legal problem, and then an Answer Discussion which consists of a brief overview of the answer. The Issue answers are color coded so examinees can quickly determine how the issue was resolved (Red for No, Green for Yes and Blue means Not Applicable). Each Issue reports its assigned score value which provides some insight into how much knowledge and analysis is required for each Issue. For example “POINT 1 (25%)means that this issue was worth 25%  of an examinee’s total score for that essay (and generally should represent about 25% of your writing).

If you go to View from the menu, if you check "Navigation pane" in the Show menu, you will see a hyperlinked navigation pane on the left side of the document. This enables you to quickly jump around between questions. As a word document, the document is editable - you can make this document your own by adding or removing text, increasing the font size, changing the margins, or adding comments, special formatting/highlighting. In addition, examinees can search the document for keywords in the past essay questions and answers. On the Menu/Ribbon, if you go to View, there is a macro button called "Count Words." If you click on the button, a dialog box will ask "What word do you want to count?" Enter a word or a phrase and then press OK.

This MEE Quick Review Issue Spotting Outline serves as a well-organized way to familiarize yourself with how the questions for each subject are posed, what issues are at play, and what the outcomes are, along with a brief discussion of the answer. For examinees that have practiced essays and are confident in their writing and analysis, this MEE Quick Review enables an examinee to efficiently review a wide range of past MEE essays (likely the most important ones) and their corresponding issues/answers to improve their issue spotting and knowledge. In addition, there are MP3s of this outline for each subject on the subscription site. I recommend that examinees alternate between reading this outline and listen to the MP3s of this outline since it is a great way to create different memory impressions in your study.

MEE Question and Answer MP3 Audio Files (34 hours based on last 20 MEE exams)Click to read more

To enable examinees to create auditory memory impressions and better remember the material, I created audio files of the MEE questions and answers. At present, the MP3s cover the last 20 MEE exams (150 questions) which is about 34 hours of audio. I plan to add MP3s when time permits (it takes some time to correct the grammatical and pronunciation errors in the audio files). The exam MP3s are being created in reverse chronological order (meaning 2007 MEE, then 2006 MEE, etc). If you have never listened to MP3s of the essays, you should give them a try. As one examinee told me: "I realized during this process that I actually am much more of an auditory learner, and I found myself able to focus more and retain more from audio or audio with text than I ever have just by reading.  So the fact that you provide so many audio resources made a big difference for me."

In your studying, you should be continually making active and varied memory impressions. A common way to form different memory impressions is through auditory learning. I generally advise examinees (especially auditory learners) to listen to bar materials while commuting/working out/showering/etc. or if simply want to give your eyes a rest. As one examinee told me: "the MP3s are great when I am tired of reading." Listening to the material forms different memory impressions than reading it, so on the exam if you don’t remember something you read, you may instead recall something you heard. Anytime you cannot actively study, listening to MP3s is a great way to passively study. If you pause the MP3s on occasion and verbalize what you are listening to, you can even convert your passive listening into active studying. I find that listening to MP3s while commuting/working out was helpful because you are a captive audience. If you give the MP3s a try, they can be addictive – as one J16 subscriber who passed told me: "I need the soothing voice of your automated mp3."

At present, there are various MP3s based on the past 20 MEE exams (July 2007 to Feb 2017). There are MP3s of each individual exam available along with MP3s of each individual question with NCBE answer analysis (150 questions & answers). A sample MP3 of a July 2016 MEE Civil Procedure question can be listened to here. Put simply, there is no better way to know the exam than the exam itself. Thus, there is no better way of understanding the current MEE than by looking at prior exams, especially the most recent ones. Examinees (especially auditory learners) should use these MP3s when they are commuting/working out/etc. I find that listening to the essays is an effective way to absorb the information, because each different memory impression you form while studying (e.g. listening versus reading) will help you to later recall the information (e.g. if you don’t remember something you read, you may remember something you heard). Thus, if you are an auditory learner (or just want an easy way to study while you are driving/working out etc), the following MP3s are available:

1) Full exam MP3s for the past 20 MEE exams (July 2007 to Feb 2017). Each MP3 is based on the released NCBE MEE Question and Analyses book for that exam with the following improvements: (i) each Answer Analyses follows the question so you can hear the answer right after listening to the question (in the MEE books, the answers are in a separate section after the questions); (ii) I edited each Answer Analyses to remove any unimportant information (e.g. I removed unnecessary case citations/references that there is no need to listen to – this shortened each Answer Analysis by about 10%); (iii) I listen to the MP3s and fix all the pronunciation errors so the MP3s are highly conducive to auditory learning with minimal disruptions. (iv) I removed any UCC 3 Commercial Paper/Negotiable Instrument questions since they are no longer tested on the MEE. These 15 MP3s consist of 26 hours of audio.

2) Individual MP3s of each MEE Question and Answer Analyses labeled by subject. These MP3s are the exact same MP3s as the ones above, but rather than MP3s of full exams, these are MP3s of each question. Accordingly, if you decide you only want to listen Civil Procedure MP3s (this is the most important subject on the UBE exam and Civil Procedure MEE issues are also frequently tested on the MBE), you can do this. I find these MP3s very helpful because it is like you are listening to a story and then hearing its conclusion.

3) MP3s of the Seperac MEE Quick Review Issue Spotting Outline (which is based on the last 212 released MEE questions). These MP3s (which are by subject) are similar to the MEE Question and Answer Analyses MP3s, but the Answers are significantly shortened to only discuss the issues, the outcomes for each issue, and a brief discussion of the answer. I made this after realizing how important issue-spotting is on the MEE exam.

MEE Comparison Essay BankClick to read more

Subscribers to the MEE Study Module can access the MEE Comparison. For the MEE, I currently have J16 MEE essays from about 40 examinees (will be adding F17 MEE essays in June 2017). Following are very small samples of my February and July 2010 MPT comparisons (with explanations):

http://www.seperac.com/Feb2010Analysis/

http://www.seperac.com/examinees/JULY2010/

You can look at exactly passing answers to see how much (or how little) is required for an exactly passing score. Examinees can review examples of the high scoring MEE essays to: (1) see how the high scoring essays are structured (e.g. how they use CIRAC/IRAC, how they address the issues, how they format their answer in regards to issue statements, conclusions and bolding/underlining/italicizing); and (2) see how the high scoring essays properly analyze the issues. When you look at the text comparison, you start to see the commonality in language with high scoring answers – in a sense this trains you to include the same language in similar essays. The PDF comparisons (where you view the actual PDFs of the answers side by side) let you see each essay’s layout, structure, and formatting so you can visually learn how to emulate the high scoring answers (and conversely, avoid the styles of the low scoring answers). For example, one examinee (non-subscriber) who failed F15 told me: "I did much better on my essays this time due in large part to your comparison tool. I found that to be extremely helpful." For the F15 exam, this examinee's 5-Essay average was 53.74 (a passing essay average for the Feb 2015 exam was 51.43). Based on 196 submitted score reports, this 5-Essay average was ranked 9/196 (this means the examinee had a 5-Essay average better than 95.4% of the examinees that sent me their Feb 2015 score information). In July 2014, this examinee had a 5-Essay average was 45.22 (a passing essay average for the July 2014 exam was 47.83). Based on 315 submitted score reports, this 5-Essay average was ranked 131/315 (which was better than 58.4% of the examinees that sent me their July 2014 scores).

Examinees that self-evaluate can write an answer to a question in the MEE Comparison and then compare the answer to other graded answers (I am working on an automated way of doing this). If this is too much effort, you can simply look at passing and above-passing MEEs. For example, one subscriber told me: “I think this helped me immensely, because although I had not practiced writing any essays, I still really got a feel for the tone, length, content and structure of passing answers which created a ‘voice’ in my head when writing essays.” Put simply, good essays look like other good essays.

Other MEE content/materialClick to read more

Along with general advice on how to study for the MEE, there are also other materials and tolls available. For example, there is an MEE Answer Framework document that illustrates how your responses should be framed, an MEE Word Calculator, and an MEE Buzzwords document.

MEE Answer Framework
In examining the released MEE essay answers, there is generally a consistent framework of how a question is answered. Click here to see a sample of the Seperac MEE Answer Framework. In order to get an "above-average" score on the essays, examinees should emulate the structure of the above-average answers. If you can adapt their writing style to the format expected and use the terminology the bar graders are familiar with, you increase your chance of getting a better score. To illustrate, below are marked up versions of 80 released "above-average" MEE essay answers where I highlight in blue each time the examinee used an IRAC-type introductory phrase to discuss or analyze an issue. Please note that each of these essays was likely from a different examinee, so these "above-average" essay answers illustrate the IRAC framework of about 80 examinees. I highlight in red each time the examinee referred to a statute, case, law or rule. This shows you what statutes/rules are worthy of mention on the MEE when tested. Finally, in the more recent essays, I highlight in green each time the examinee used a "buzz-word" (i.e. relevant legal terminology that illustrates your understanding of the law in question). It is important that you peruse these essays once to understand how the IRAC framework and statute references are used in the highest scoring answers - think of these essays as "blue-prints" of how you should compose your own essay answers.

MEE Word Calculator
You can use this calculator to test what words or phrases appear in the MEE Questions and Answers from February 1995-July 2016 (44 exams). This Calculator is a useful tool for identifying what words are used versus what words are not used on the MEE essays. For example, suppose you wanted to find out how often the phrase "business judgment rule" was used in the MEE questions and answers. The MEE Word Calculator breaks down how many times the phrase appears in the Questions and Answers so you can quickly tell exactly how common the usage of the word/phrase is. The Calculator will also tell you the odds of this word being used in an upcoming exam answer (simply based on how often it appeared in MEE answers in the past). For example, the word "reasonable" appeared in 35% of the MEE answer analyses from 1995-2016 (meaning the word "reasonable" needs to be part of your MEE lexicon). I also created a MEE Word Frequency chart based on this data (it looks at words that are 5 characters in length or greater). This Frequency chart chart serves as a good reminder of the words you can expect to use in your MEE answers. Any word that is a Top-50 word in both the MEE questions and the MEE answers is highlighted in GREEN. Overall, 60% of the Top-50 words are contained in both the MEE questions and the MEE answers, which serves as a reminder that examinees should make an effort to use the terminology from the MEE question in their answer.

MEE Buzzwords
This 5-page SEPERAC MEE BUZZWORDS document that contains the common legal terminology contained in the released NCBE MEE Answer Analyses. Please note that this is by no means an all-inclusive list – it is simply a list of common legal terminology used in past MEE answers. One day I will make a more "all-inclusive" list, but this smaller list should still help you on the upcoming MEE exam. There is no special grouping to the buzzwords – they are simply sorted in alphabetical order. Examinees should make these words part of their MEE lexicon. As simplistic as it may seem, using the appropriate terminology in your answers is important to your MEE score.

Subscribers to the MEE Study Module can utilize the materials in any way that they wish, but I suggest that they begin with the MEE Quick Review outline to get better at MEE issue spotting. Examinees should read a question, write down the issues you come up with, and then check your answers. The Reviewing/Outlining Released MEE Essays section explains how to do this. Then repeat for at least 100 questions. If you are limited on time or you are an auditory learner, use the MP3s of the Quick Review outline instead. Next, if you commute/work out (or just get sick of reading), listen to the MP3s based on full MEE Exams. Start with the 2015 MEEs (yes, that is correct - the 2016 to 2017 MEEs are lower priority) and work your way back. Here you can study more passively by listening (which will form different memory impressions to aid in recollection), but also try to occasionally actively study by trying to issue-spot in your head after you listen to a question. If you are having difficulty with an issue, use the MEE Essay Compilation to research it (the questions are sorted by subject) to see how it has been tested in past exams. Reviewing the full NCBE Answers will improve your MEE analysis ability. Next, review the MEE Essay Comparison to better understand how actual MEE answers are scored (while Model Answers are great to learn from, they are unrealistic examples of typical examinee answers). You should compare high-scoring MEEs to one another, look at exactly passing answers and also look at the really low scoring answers (as examples of what not to do). When you look at the text comparison, you will start to see the commonality in language with high scoring answers – in a sense this trains you to include the same language in similar essays. The PDF comparisons (where you view the actual PDFs of the answers side by side) let you see each essay’s layout, structure, and formatting so you can visually learn how to emulate the high scoring answers (and conversely, avoid the styles of the low scoring answers). Before you begin answering MEEs in practice, read the Grading your practice MEE answers section. Finally, about a week before the exam, download and start reviewing the MEE Buzzwords document.

The cost for access to this module until July 31, 2017 is $99. Please note that this module does NOT contain the UBE MASTER outline or my MBE-MEE subject matter outlines. Furthermore, while content on the full subscription site contains topic priorities for the upcoming exam, the materials available on the MEE Study page do NOT contain any such priorities. Lastly, please note that the MEE Study module is based solely on the released MEE questions, so you will find questions related to the MBE subjects to be under-represented (except for Civil Procedure, the MBE subjects have only been tested on the MEE since 2007 so there is a smaller pool of past questions).

   

 


MEE STRATEGY MODULE (CURRENTLY NOT AVAILABLE EXCEPT WITH A FULL SUBSCRIPTION)

The MEE Strategy Page is posted in early-January for February exams and early-June for July exams. The MEE Strategy Page contains comprehensive advice (30,000+ words) on how to methodically assemble a good MEE answer within the exam time constraints. This advice is based my tutoring over the years, my review of thousands of examinee essays, and my speaking with the writers of unique essays (not just high-scoring essays, but also short essays that received good scores and good essays that received low scores). The MEE Strategy Page cannot be posted any sooner because the advice is modified after I review the most recent MEE essays and conduct followups (which is done in Nov-Dec for Feb exams and April-May for July exams). Until the MEE Strategy Page is released, examinees should focus on my advice regarding MEE study and practice on the MEE Study page.


MBE-MEE OUTLINE MODULE

Page from Civil Procedure Outline

This 370 page outline contains the black letter law and past tested MEE issues for the 14 MBE-MEE subjects. It is keyed to the 2017 NCBE Subject Matter outlines and broken down into 358 different categories that represent the ABC level items in the 2017 NCBE Subject Matter outlines. If you don't have a good set of outlines for the exam, I strongly suggest you use mine. The SEPERAC JULY 2017 MBE-MEE outline should be an excellent representation of the upcoming MBE and MEE. For example, the new areas the MBE currently tests (e.g. Fair Housing Act, broker’s commissions, title insurance, zoning/non-conforming uses, voluminous summaries, and many more) are proportionally and contextually covered in the outline. I strongly believe you can pick up 5-10 MBE points just from my outline’s coverage of these new MBE areas (which most other outlines fail to cover appropriately). A sample of the SEPERAC MBE-MEE OUTLINE is here. For each of the 358 categories, the estimated number of MBE questions an examinee should see from each category, the frequency of appearance of each category on the MEE and the average MEE point value is reported for each category. Even if you don't plan to purchase the outline, you should download the sample because it contains the above category statistics in the Table of Contents. Please note that this outline is not the SEPERAC UBE MASTER OUTLINE, but rather, a lite-version of it. The differences between the two outlines are summarized as follows:

Differences between the MBE-MEE outline and the UBE MASTER outline

 

OUTLINE FEATURE

SEPERAC MBE-MEE OUTLINE

SEPERAC UBE MASTER OUTLINE

Total number of pages

370

495

Fully comprehensive MBE + MEE outline keyed to the 2017 NCBE Subject Matter outlines (meaning all currently tested areas such as the Fair Housing Act, broker’s commissions, title insurance, zoning/non-conforming uses, etc. are appropriately covered)

YES

YES

Contains 25 pages of black letter law per MBE subject (including  tables/charts for visual learners) that is proportionally and contentually on point with the upcoming July 2017 MBE exam

YES

YES

Contains the frequency of appearance for each of the 358 MEE categories and estimated number of MBE questions for each of the 169 MBE categories

YES

NO

Subjects sorted in priority order (based on how many points each subject is expected to contribute to your July 2017 MBE+MEE score)

YES

YES

Contains over 1,300+ built-in MEE issues from the last 45 MEE exams arranged by category for MEE issue-spotting and MBE review

YES

YES

The outline is downloadable in WORD format to enable examinees to edit and modify it (add notes/comments/change fonts/etc)

NO

YES

Contains over 1,600+ built-in MBE Rules based on the released NCBE questions from 1991-2017

NO

YES

Contains priorities for each MEE category based on statistical analysis (see http://seperac.com/analysis.php) which enables examinees limited in time to ignore the low priority topics

NO

YES

Contains study recommendation for the 358 MBE/MEE categories (telling you to study 1x week, 2x week, 1x month, etc. based on how much each category is expected to contribute to your July 2017 MBE/MEE score)

NO

YES

Contains 250+ hypotheticals of MBE issues that are relevant to the upcoming July 2017 MBE exam

NO

YES

Contains 1,000+ parenthetical short explanations of the black letter law (the flesh on the bones, so to speak)

NO

YES

Contains 250+ yellow highlighted sections identifying the topics/areas I believe will be tested on the upcoming July 2017 UBE.

NO

YES

Contains built-in hyperlinks and access to the MEE Topic Summaries document to enable quick review of written summaries of each category/topic previously tested on the MEE

NO

YES

Contains built-in hyperlinks and access to the MEE Released Answer Compilation to enable quick review of the released MEE questions and answers associated with each MEE issue

NO

YES

 

Basically, the SEPERAC MBE-MEE outline is the SEPERAC UBE MASTER outline without the priorities (which enables examinees limited in study-time to ignore the lower priority topics), the study-time allocation suggestions, the MBE rules from past NCBE exams, the MBE hypos, the short examples, the highlighting of most likely tested-topics, or the MEE topic/issue hyperlinks that take you to the MEE topic summaries and released MEE exam answers.


This MBE-MEE outline contains the exact same black letter law as my UBE MASTER OUTLINE (which is the law I expect to appear on the upcoming July 2017 MBE and MEE) along with the built in 1,300+ MEE issue statements to help with your MEE issue spotting (and also help you on the MBE, especially with Civil Procedure). Following is an explanation of the SEPERAC MBE-MEE outline:

Explanation of the SEPERAC MBE-MEE outline


I go through  a lot of effort to make sure this outline is both highly proportional and highly contextual (e.g. each page of black letter law for the MBE subjects is expected to represent one MBE question on the exam). I am not aware of any other outline that does this. For example, for the subject of Criminal Law/Procedure, 12 of the 25 pages are on the Constitutional Protection of Accused Persons making it 7% of the outline since it is expected to be 7% of your MBE score. The black letter law sections of the outline will appropriately tell you what to expect on the upcoming MBE and MEE exams (better than likely any other source available, expecially at this size). For example, based on the NBCE Subject Matter outline, the subject of Real Property consists of five categories: (1) Ownership; (2) Rights in Land; (3) Contracts; (4) Mortgages; and (5) Titles. Each category is equally weighted, meaning each category will represent 20% of your Real Property MBE score. However, if you look at the MBE outlines of the big bar reviews, you would not see anything remotely close to these proportions. For example, 44% of Barbri's Real Property outline is based on category 1 (Ownership) even though it is only 20% of an examinee's MBE score. Meanwhile, 7% of Barbri's Real Property outline is based on category 3 (Contracts) even though it is 20% of an examinee's MBE score. Likewise, 8% of Barbri's Real Property outline is based on category 4 (Mortgages) even though it is 20% of an examinee's MBE score. Kaplan and Themis are similar. For Kaplan, 45% of Kaplan's Real Property outline is based on category 1 (Ownership); 9% is based on category 3 (Contracts) and 9% is based on category 4 (Mortgages). For Themis, 36% of Themis' Real Property MBE outline is based on category 1 (Ownership); 9% is based on category 3 (Contracts) and 12% is based on category 4 (Mortgages). The average examinee gets about 18/25 correct on Real Property MBE questions. If you miss 50% of the category 3 (Contracts) and category 4 (Mortgages) MBE questions because your outline was 50% too small for those categories, that is about 5 MBE questions (which tranlates to 3-4 total UBE points).

With the MBE-MEE outline, you won’t see such inefficiencies, except in rare cases (about 5% of the categories required more content than what proportionality dictated). I frequently vacillate over whether I should make a shorter outline that is easier to digest or a longer outline that covers the materials even better, but I regard one page of black letter law per MBE question as the happy medium. The one thing I can assure you about my outline is that you are not wasting your time when you read it. Every piece of information in it is relevant to the upcoming exam. The problem I face is that the exam alternates what it tests, so I have to cover more rather than less. For example, the category of Real Property Ownership (Special Problems) is generally one question on the MBE (sometimes two). It covers the following areas: (1) Rule Against Perpetuities; (2) Alienability descendibility and devisability; and (3) Fair housing discrimination. The trend has been to test the FHA, but RAP is still occasionally tested (alienability infrequently tested). Thus, my outline covers the areas as proportionally needed, and in this case it ends up being over a page. However, if you go with other outlines, there will be countless pages on RAP and nothing on FHA, essentially wasting study-time. You should treat this outline as your MBE/MEE bible. If it is not in the outline, don't worry about it. If the outline covers something in depth, it is important. If it doesn’t, it is not. This doesn’t mean it won’t show up on the exam, it simply means you are studying efficiently.

This outline is a “dense” condensed outline. Due to the wide range of content that can be tested on the MBE and MEE, a denser outline is the more appropriate choice to study for the upcoming exam. For example, a subscriber who scored a 174 on the MBE in NY and then a 177 on the MBE in NJ told me: “… as far as the MBE is concerned, your outlines have been most useful since you emphasize the fine distinctions.” Furthermore, I determined that “repeat” topics are less likely to occur on the MEE, necessitating the need for a broader/denser overall outline. For example, in categorizing every single topic tested on the MEE since 1995, I determined that out of the 798 individual topics tested on the MEE exams since 1995, 519 of these topics were tested just once (65%) while 279 of these topics were tested more than once (35%). Accordingly, if you rely on an outline that is based solely on previously tested MEE topics, it will fail to cover a majority of the exam.

Furthermore, the MBE and MEE are too intertwined to be studied for separately (i.e. concepts tested on the MEE are tested on the MBE and vice versa). Thus, my UBE MASTER outline has the MEE issues built into it so you can review them for both the MBE and the MEE. If you study for the MEE separately, you will duplicate your studies in some areas and study less efficiently. Finally, the primary focus of this MBE-MEE outline is on the MBE because according to NCBE, "MBE scores are highly related to total bar exam scores." see http://www.ncbex.org/assets/media_files/Bar-Examiner/articles/2011/800411Testing.pdf


While it is impossible to say how much of the July 2017 UBE exam this outline will cover, I expect it to cover about 85-90% of what is tested on the upcoming MBE and MEE. I urge examinee to go back to this outline after the exam (see my post-exam followup form below) and tell me what was missing from the outline – I can assure you that there won’t be much. Below are instructions on how to use this outline (this is also contained in the introduction section of the outline):

How to use the SEPERAC MBE-MEE outline


IEach of the 358 categories in this outline are ordered based on the ABC level of the 2017 NCBE Subject Matter outlines. However, the subjects are sorted in order of importance (how much each subject is expected to contribute to your July 2017 MBE+MEE score). Accordingly, the subjects listed last are significantly less important to your overall UBE score than the subjects listed first. For example, on the July 2016 UBE exam, 68% of an examinee's MEE score (which is 30% of the total UBE score) came from MBE subjects (meaning 70% of an examinee’s total UBE score came from the 7 MBE subjects). I expect NCBE’s testing of the MEE specific subjects on the MEE to wax and wane from exam to exam – on some exams a majority of the MEE will be based on the MEE specific subjects whereas other MEE exams will consist mainly of MBE subjects. However, examinees should still expect their knowledge of the 7 MBE subjects to represent 60%-70% of their total UBE score (making the 7 MEE specific subjects about 10-20% of your total UBE score and the MPT the remaining 20%). Each of the 358 categories has a heading that appears as follows:

ConLaw: Cat II: Sep of Powers (A. The powers of Congress) – MBE: 1-2 Qs – MEE: 2/19 exams (11%) Avg pts: 50

The prefix tells you the Subject (e.g. ConLaw), the NCBE Category (e.g. Cat II: Sep of Powers), and the NCBE ABC level (e.g. A. The powers of Congress). The next part of the heading tells you how many graded MBE questions (out of 175 graded MBE questions) you can expect to see on the MBE exam from this category. For example, MBE: 1-2 Qs means that the category of Constitutional Law Separation of Powers should represent between 1- 2 of the 175 graded  questions on the upcoming July 2017 MBE.

The next part of the heading tells you how many times this category has been tested on the MEE (based on 45 exams for the MEE subjects + Civil Procedure or 20 exams for the other MBE subjects which were introduced in 2007). For example, MEE: 2/20 exams (11%) means that for the 20 MEE exams where Constitutional Law category of Separation of Powers was testable, it was tested on 2 of those 20 exams (meaning an appearance rate of 11%). Finally, if a category has been tested on the MEE, the average points that category contributed to an examinee’s MEE score is reported (based on the NCBE Answer Analysis point breakdowns by issue). For example, Avg pts: 50 means that when this category was tested on the 2 MEE exams, it averaged 50/100 points (meaning it typically represented about 50% of an examinee’s grade on that MEE essay).

After each category, I outline what I regard as the relevant black letter law to cover the majority of what you can expect to see tested on the MBE and MEE. For the MEE, issue spotting is paramount, so examinees should read/study the MEE issues built into the outline. Knowing how the issues were tested on the MEE in the past helps immensely with issue spotting MEE questions. The issues are color coded, so you know the result after you read the issue question. This color coding is designed to enable you to study more efficiently by seeing the answer in color. If the answer to the issue is in the Affirmative, the answer appears in GREEN. If the answer to the issue is in the Negative, the answer appears in RED. If the answer to the issue is neutral or cannot be answered definitively, the answer appears in BLUE. For example:

If the point value of an issue is below 25% (this percentage appears after the hyperlinked issue prefix), then there is less of a need to study an issue. However, the higher the point value of the topic, the more often you should examine and understand the issue answers.


The cost for access to this module until July 31, 2017 is $149. Please note that this module does NOT contain the UBE MASTER outline. Furthermore, while content on the full subscription site contains topic priorities for the upcoming exam, the MBE-MEE outline does NOT contain any such priorities.

For examinees interested in a quid pro quo, I am offering a $30 SEPERAC JULY 2017 MBE-MEE outline coupon code to any examinee who agrees to complete my post-exam followup form within one week after taking the July 2017 UBE exam. The current version of the post-exam form is here. This post-exam followup form enables me assess the effectiveness of the outline. It can also help you later if you find out you failed the exam. For example, using this information, I track the key details of your attempt, so if you fail, I will try to match your responses/statistics to whoever previously submitted the most comparable details (and later passed) to give you their advice on what worked for them. To agree to this quid pro quo, simply purchase the SEPERAC JULY 2017 MBE-MEE outline from the subscription page and use the following code for the $30 discount: YESTOPOSTEXAMFORM

Then, after the exam, simply complete the form. I will follow up to remind subscribers, particularily if an examinee fails to submit the form within the agreed upon deadline of seven days.

   



MBE MODULE (CURRENTLY NOT AVAILABLE EXCEPT WITH A FULL SUBSCRIPTION)

The MBE Module mainly consists of my 1,500+ MBE Rules based on released NCBE questions (prioritized for the upcoming MBE exam), MP3s of these rules, my 2017 MBE subject matter outlines, my 2017 MBE Rules Spreadsheet, the MBE Flashcard exams (650+ questions), the MBE Study Sheet, various MBE charts (MBE Top 50, MBE Legal Terminology Chart), various MBE MP3s, the MBE Word Matrix Calculator, and comprehensive MBE advice throughout this MBE Page (which consists of 85,000 words).

MBE Rules spreadsheet based on 1,500+ NCBE MBE questionsClick to read more

I created an MBE Rules Spreadsheet for examinees to use as their MBE Rules outline. I regard this MBE Rules Spreadsheet as the most efficient way examinees can organize their MBE rules and study for the MBE. In the MBE Rules Spreadsheet, examinees can easily categorize their MBE “rules” using 4 levels of dropdown choice-lists based on the 2016 NCBE MBE Subject Matter outline categories/sub-categories. One of the key benefits of using a spreadsheet for your MBE rules is that you can manipulate the entered data in many different ways. For example, I designed PivotTables to report the rules in a manner that is categorized, prioritized, organized and efficient. A sample of the report is here. In the report, your MBE rules are sorted based on Category, from most important to least important (based on the number of questions each category is expected to represent on the actual MBE). The rules are further prioritized based on the examinee’s Knowledge Level and Rule Source inputs. For example, NCBE rules where an examinee reports a low Knowledge Level are listed first while less relevant MBE question sources where an examinee reports a high Knowledge Level are listed last. Put simply, the more efficient you are in your studies, the more likely you are to pass the exam. The more efficient your MBE rules outline, the more likely you are to remember the information that is more likely to show up on the MBE. To quote Carly Fiorina, the former CEO of HP, “the goal is to turn data into information, and information into insight.” In my opinion, this MBE Rules Spreadsheet is the most effective way you can gain insight into your mistakes and misapplications of law in a highly efficient manner to optimize your MBE study. In MBE practice, examinees should make a rules outline for all the MBE questions they answer incorrectly or correctly for the wrong reasons. However, if examinees are limited in study time, the next best thing is to study someone else's rules. This Rules Spreadsheet currently contains 1,280 rules based on the 2015 NCBE Civil Procedure Questions (10 rules), NCBE OPE 4 (100 rules), NCBE OPE 3 (100 rules), NCBE OPE 2 (100 rules), NCBE OPE 1 (100 rules), NCBE 1998 EXAM (200 rules), NCBE MBE 1992 EXAM BOOK (530 rules) and another 140 assorted NCBE question rules. I am also working on rules for the NCBE 1991 exams that will be added to this outline (which will then contain rules for 100% of the released NCBE questions). The rules are prioritized based on the 2016 MBE Subject Matter Outlines from NCBE. Please mote that Microsoft Excel for Mac does not support ActiveX Controls, so some features will not be available in the spreadsheet if you are using a Mac.

Prioritized MBE Rules outline based on 1,500+ NCBE MBE questionsClick to read more

I made a prioritized rules outline of the 1991 MBE (400 rules), 1992 MBE (531 rules), July 1998 MBE (200 rules) 2006 OPE-1 MBE; 2008 OPE-2 MBE; 2011 OPE-3 MBE questions, and 2013 OPE-4 MBE questions. It is prioritized based on the 2016 MBE Subject Matter Outlines from NCBE. For example, the NCBE MBE Subject Matter Outline for Constitutional Law states that for Individual rights (Category II) appears in 50% of the Constitutional Law MBE questions. Therefore, an estimated 14-15 of the 200 questions on the MBE will be from this category. This category is therefore the highest priority category in the prioritized rules outline. The format of this rules outline is similar to the MBE Rules Outline document on my main site. The idea behind these rules is efficiency – you are studying based on prioritization and it is much easier to read this list and get a gist of previously tested rules than it is to go through all the questions and make your own rules outline. I also categorized the rules for each MBE topic. Following is a copy of the MBE 1992 Categorized Rules Table of Contents.

Every examinee should make a rules outline for all the MBE questions you get wrong. The MBE tests details, not broad concepts of law. Doing lots of MBE questions exposes you to the multitude of fine gray lines in the black letter law. You need to know these details to do well on the MBE. Don't forget to examine your answers. Really try to understand why an answer is wrong and take the time to research it (you won’t have the luxury of seriously researching topics as you get closer to the exam). Studying rules gives you a quick understanding of the nuances the MBE tested in the past.

MP3 audio files of the MBE rulesClick to read more

Anytime you cannot actively study, listening to MP3s is a great way to passively study. The most important MBE practice questions are the NCBE OPE 1-4 exams. I wrote rules for these 400 questions and also created MP3 files of these rules that can be downloaded and listened to. The MP3 rules are in three formats: (1) a single prioritized MP3 file; (2) a ZIP file that contains the MP3s where the rules are broken down by category; and (3) a PDF of the rules which is essentially a transcript of the MP3. The rules are prioritized for the upcoming July 2016 exam, meaning the most important categories appear first and the least important appear last. A sample MP3 is here.

I also created MP3s of the rules for the non-OPE NCBE questions (of lesser importance, but still important). These rules consist of 740 released NCBE questions from 1992-1998 (I still have not written rules for the NCBE 1991 questions because they are the oldest least important) plus the 10 released Civil Procedure questions from 2015.

While I suggest that examinees focus mainly on the OPE 1-4 rules with a lesser focus on the non-OPE rules, if examinees wish to study the OPE 1-4 rules and the non-OPE rules equally, I also created MP3s that contain both sets of rules. This compilation consists of 1,140 rules based on every single released NCBE exam question from 1992-2015.

MBE Online Flashcard examsClick to read more

The MBE Flashcard exams are straightforward Yes/No questions on the types of scenarios you may see on the MBE along with the black letter law answers. These MBE Flashcard exams exams are intended to supplement an examinee's MBE knowledge base in a more efficient manner. These flashcard questions are a great way to introduce yourself to the MBE law that is tested on the MBE in small sets of 20 questions. For example:

QUESTION: Bailey places an order with Sam for a set of knives. Sam receives the order, put passes away before accepting the offer or shipping the knives. Sam's executor, appointed to wind up Sam's affairs, finds the order and ships out the knives. When Bailey receives the knives, he learns that Sam has died and rejects the knives. Does Sam's estate have an enforceable contract?

ANSWER: The Answer is No. An offeree's power to accept is terminated when the offeree or the offeror dies or is deprived of legal capacity to enter into the contract, unless the offer is irrevocable, in which case only the offeree's death or incompetence will terminate the offer. Here, the death of the offeree Sam prior to acceptance immediately terminates the offer.

A small sample Flashcard exam can be tested here.

Each MBE Flashcard exam consists of a set of 20 questions in a specific MBE subject based on Constitutional Law, Contracts, Criminal Law/Procedure, Evidence, Property, and Torts (Civil Procedure questions to be added as time permits). There are currently 34 sets, meaning 680 questions in total. These exams can be taken on your computer or on your mobile device, so you can test yourself while at lunch, commuting, etc. Examinees should strive to do 1 set a day (34 days total).

The MBE Flashcard exams began as quick reviews of the ALI Restatement illustrations. The Restatements are treatises published by the American Law Institute that reflect the consensus of the American legal community as to what the law is, and, in some cases, what it should become. Examinees can use the Restatements to obtain clear and concise statements of the law as well as comments upon and illustrations of those rules of law. Although the Restatements are a secondary authority, they are probably the most highly regarded of the secondary authorities. Because the Restatements distill the "black letter law" from cases, I find that they are relied upon by the MBE question writers. In my research on MBE questions, I found that the MBE sometimes tests Restatement hypotheticals almost verbatim. For example, a recent MBE question dealt with a singer who was injured because of a faulty wiring installation that caused smoke on a stage that ruined the singer's vocal cords. The question asked whether the negligent wiring installer was liable for millions of dollars in economic damages due to the singer's lost career. One of the choices stated that the negligent installer was not liable because the claim of 10+ million dollars in damages was not reasonably foreseeable. If this were a contract issue, then the issue of foreseeability of damages would arise. However, in regards to damages in torts, foreseeability of the damages is not an issue. In torts, this is called the “eggshell skull” or “thin-skull” rule. An illustration from the Restatement of the Law, Third, Torts: Liability for Physical and Emotional Harm explains it well (the MBE question was likely based on this Torts Restatement illustration):

3. Jennifer was driving her automobile, manufactured by Benessere Motor Co., on an Interstate highway when the voltage regulator in the car failed due to negligent installation. The failure caused the battery fluid to boil, which produced toxic fumes that reached the interior of the car. Jennifer suffered chronic vocal-cord dysfunction as a result. Jennifer was a popular vocal performer who earned several million dollars each year. All of Jennifer's lost earnings due to her vocal-cord injury are within the scope of Benessere's liability for its negligence, as a matter of law. The thin-skull rule is applicable to all forms of tortious conduct, whether accidental or intentional.

This is often referred to as the Shabby Millionaire Rule. For example, if a tortfeasor runs over what looks like a vagabond but is really the CEO of a Fortune 500 company, the defendant will be liable for the millions in plaintiff's lost wages. However, examinees that confused the Contracts rule for the foreseeability of consequential damages (Hadley v. Baxendale) with the torts rule would have answered this question wrong. This question also serves as an example where you cannot let your emotions affect your answer choice. Some MBE questions are designed to tug on your heart-strings to try to get you to answer with your heart instead of your head. In regards to the above MBE question, it was written from the context of making the reader sympathize with the wire installer so that some examinees who let their emotions get the best of them will conclude that a solitary independent wire installer, even if negligent, should not be responsible for millions of dollars in damages. However, under the appropriate rule of law, the negligent contractor would be liable for all damages within the scope of his liability for negligence.

While the Restatements are a valuable resource for the MBE, they are also incredibly comprehensive – the Restatement of the Law 2d, Contracts contains over 1,800 illustrations while the Restatement of Torts contains over 1,900 illustrations (and this doesn't include related Restatements on Apportionment of Liability, Liability for Physical and Emotional Harm, or Products Liability). However, because I recognized that a portion of the MBE tests the Restatements, I went through the illustrations, selected the ones that I regarded as most relevant to the current MBE, and licensed these Restatement hypotheticals from the American Law Institute. The Restatements cover the subjects of Contracts, Property and Torts. For Constitutional Law, Criminal Law and Evidence, I based the Flashcard exams primarily on cases (which is another source for MBE questions). I plan to add Flashcard questions for Civil Procedure as time permits. While the MBE Flashcard exams do not have multiple distractors (which is the hallmark of a good MBE question), they are still tricky enough that most examinees average 50% correct. Thus, you shouldn’t expect a certain score with these questions because they are not representative of MBE questions. Instead, you should simply regard them as a learning tool. Basically, these flashcard exams are a quick way to pick up the hypotheticals and nuanced legal principles that I feel are likely to be tested on the MBE. Accordingly, while you may see references to the Restatements in the answer explanations, you should not try to delve any deeper into the Restatements other than what you find in these bar materials.

The purpose of these "flashcard" quizzes is to help examinees learn the MBE nuances in a much more abbreviated fashion. By looking at the illustrations, examinees can quickly see how the law is applied. To do well on the MBE, you must be familiar with the nuances of the law. Through these online "flashcard" quizzes, examinees can test themselves on the "details" that may appear on the MBE. The quizzes are geared towards re-takers who have not done well on the MBE. While retakers generally have done enough MBE questions in practice to be familiar with MBE question style and answer format, I feel that retakers with low MBE scores do not have a broad enough knowledge of the MBE nuances. I will never use all the illustrations from the Restatements – I only use the ones that I believe are likely to be tested on the MBE. Some answers may have comprehensive explanations and some may not. I plan to do comprehensive explanations for all the questions when I have the time. Currently, the goal of this online exam is simply to expose examinees to the scenarios (and the correct outcomes) rather than explaining the law in depth. If you understand/remember the scenarios but not the law behind them, you can still do well on the MBE.

Examinees must still test on MBE questions to practice timing and eliminating the wrong but appealing answer choices. However, I regard these flashcard questions as a quicker way to learn the nuances that may be tested on the actual MBE. Accordingly, if you find yourself pressed for time, you will probably learn more MBE relevant legal topics through the flashcard exams than through regular MBE practice questions. These Flashcard quizzes will help examinees learn the MBE nuances in a much more abbreviated fashion since an examinee can do 3-4 flashcard questions in the time it takes to do one MBE question.

I believe that NCBE is making the MBE harder because too many examinees are sharing the MBE questions online in forums, forcing NCBE to make the questions less recognizable. I surmise that NCBE is making the laws tested more intricate to prevent an examinee with a general idea about a question from getting it right on a future exam. Interestingly, this is similar to what happened to me in 2005. When I took the exam in July 2005, the actual MBE questions were nothing like the BARBRI/PMBR/NCBE questions I practiced on. This is because the July 2005 MBE was the first MBE exam to have “new” questions because PMBR had been caught copying earlier questions. According to the PMBR lawsuit, the “July 2005 MBE had to be reprinted at a cost of $59,000 because defendants’ copyright infringement had compromised the initial version.” Thus, through these flashcard exams, examinees will develop a broader knowledge of the law to better recognize the specific laws tested on the MBE.

You should find these Flashcard exams helpful. For example, in post-exam followups with subscribers, I ask them to specify any supplemental bar review materials, courses or tutors they used for the exam (e.g. Adaptibar, Bestmultis, Lean Sheets, Critical Pass Flashcards) and rank them in their order of effectiveness. A subscriber with an MBE score of 137.2 on the July 2016 UBE exam told me: “Seperac (quiz, mp3s, flashcards) Kaplan Mock Exams (too easy) Adaptibar (too simplistic) Critical Flashcards (better to do them alone)” Currently, I don’t have any statistics regarding the correlation between the scores on the flashcard exams and actual MBE scores. However, examinees usually get about 50% correct (the same result as if they had guessed). This is because I try to use questions that cover nuances that are tricky (I want examinees to get them wrong so they can learn what is right and understand the grey areas of law better). In addition, examinees generally do the flashcard exams earlier in their studying, which is another factor that affects any correlation with actual MBE scores.

MBE Word Matrix CalculatorClick to read more

MBE Word Matrix Calculator

To allow examinees to conduct their own analysis, I created an MBE Word Matrix Calculator. This MBE word matrix will report how often a word or word phrase appears in the question part (stem portion), answer part (distractors and right answer), and right answer part of every MBE question released by NCBE. Currently, there are 1,550 released MBE questions - the analysis results are derived from the Sample MBE February 1991 (200 questions); Sample MBE II July 1991 (200 questions); MBE Questions 1992 (581 questions of which 531 are unique); Sample MBE III July 1998 (200 questions); MBE OPE 1 2006 (100 questions); MBE OPE 2 2008 (100 questions); MBE OPE 3 2011 (100 questions); MBE OPE 4 2013 (100 questions); and the MBE 2015 Information Booklets (32 questions).

The matrices will report word counts for the word or word phrase, the probability the word or word phrase is in the right answer choice; the percentage of appearance of the word or word phrase in all the released questions; and the number of questions the word or word phrase is estimated to appear in on an actual MBE exam. The matrices can be used to test how often a word appears in the question part of the MBE questions (i.e. 'federal statute', 'contract', etc.). You can use the matrices to see how often a legal concept is tested on the MBE by examining how often it appears in the answer choices (i.e. 'manslaughter', 'slander', etc.). The matrices are also useful if you are curious as to how often extreme terms such as "none," "never", "always," "every," or "only if" appear in MBE answer choices along with how often they appear as the correct answer. Finally, you can also use the matrices to see how often a word is the correct answer versus how often the antonym of the word is the correct answer (i.e. 'guilty' versus 'not guilty').

To illustrate how the calculator works, this version of the MBE Word Matrix Calculator only analyzes the 2009 MBE Information Booklet which consists of 18 questions along with a question released by NCBE in the November 2007 issue of The Bar Examiner. Some functionality, such as the MBE question estimate, will not be accurate due to the small sample of questions. The MBE Word Matrix calculator on the subscription site analyzes all 1,550 questions.

MBE Study SpreadsheetClick to read more

MBE Study Sheet

I improved my Excel Bar Study SpreadSheet (PDF version is here) for examinees to enter and track their MBE testing progress. You not only enter your scores, but also your times. The spreadsheet reports a summary of your scores and also calculates your scaled score based on the practice test or based on the MBE subject. The spreadsheet will also track your daily or week-to-week progress and report averages such as number of questions per day. In addition, your percentages for each MBE subject (or the entire MBE for Mixed) is compared to the National Mean for that exam from 1995-2004 (NCBE stopped releasing raw scores by MBE subject in 2005). The MBE Scaling is based on the 2006 NY MBE scale (2006 is the last year where NY BOLE reported raw and scaled scores). The scale is different depending on whether it is the July or the February exam. The Scaled Score estimate will give you an idea of how you will score on the actual exam. Keep in mind that this MBE scale could differ by as many as 12 points, especially for very low or very high scores, since the scale is based on the skill-level of that particular pool of examinees. The spreadsheet will analyze scores and additional inormation you enter and break it down by MBE subject. Tracking this information will give you insight into where your problem areas are. For example, you will know how often you were positive your choice was the right answer but turned out to be the wrong answer. By assessing your testing process, you can improve it.

Keeping track of your times in the spreadsheet over a long period will give you a better idea of whether you will have timing issues on the MBE (for example, most examinees find that Property questions generally take the longest to answer). Also, by examining your scores broken-down by MBE subject, you can see where your problem areas are. You can also gauge your progress by comparing it to mine. Please keep in mind that your areas of improvement/study style could be entirely different. I plan to further improve the MBE Study Sheet by correlating an examinees reading rate to estimate the amount of time an examinee will require on the actual MBE by comparing the actual word counts. Click on the images to view larger versions of the Excel MBE Study Sheet workbook pages.

MBE Study Sheet

MBE analyticsClick to read more

I compiled word frequency analysis charts based on all the released MBEs from 1991 to present. Any useful statistical information I find, I will put up on the site. All my research is based on identifying the probability of a given subject of topic appearing on the exam. You will never learn everything, but if can learn the high probability topics, you will improve your chances of passing.

Here is a redacted page from the MBE Statistics by Exam chart.

Here is a redacted page from the MBE Word Frequency chart.

Here is a redacted page from the MBE Word Frequency-Top 50 chart.

These documents are updated each time the NY essays are released.

MBE Word Frequency Top 50

The MBE Word Frequency chart will tell you how often a specific word has appeared in a released MBE question (1,450 questions) or answer (5,800 answers). For example, the keyword "manslaughter" appeared in 41 answer choices and was the correct answer only 4 times (9.8% probability). It appeared in 0 answer choices on the MBE 2011 Information Book. It appeared in 2 answer choices on the MBE-OPE3 2011 exam and was the right answer choice 0 times. It appeared in 2 answer choices on the MBE-OPE2 2008 exam and was the right answer choice 0 times. It appeared in 4 answer choices on the MBE-OPE1 2006 exam and was the right answer choice one time. It appeared in 10 answer choices on the July 1998 exam and was the right answer choice one time. It appeared in 13 answer choices on the MBE 1992 book and was the right answer choice one time. It appeared in 5 answer choices on the July 1991 exam and was the right answer choice one time. Lastly, it appeared in 4 answer choices on the Feb 1991 exam and was the right answer choice one time. Accordingly, if one of the answer choices includes the keyword "manslaughter", it is probably not the right answer based on the prior statistical data. Since the keyword "manslaughter" should statistically be in about 25% of the right answers, the actual probability of 9.8% is therefore color coded RED to warn you to STOP and think about it since it is more likely the wrong answer than the correct answer. If you are the type of person who is curious about how often the correct answer choice on the released MBE questions is "guilty" versus "not-guilty" or "constitutional" versus "unconstitutional," you will find this chart informative. However, while the probabilities are supported by the equivalent of roughly seven prior MBE exams, but there is no way of knowing if the probabilities are consistent with the current actual MBE questions. Therefore, I advise subscribers that the MBE keyword frequency method should only be used as a last resort and only when you are guessing and you have no idea what the correct answer is.

In addition, the MBE Strategy Page is posted in mid-January for February exams and mid-June for July exams. The MBE Strategy Page contains strategies for the MBE questions. Thus, examinees should make sure to check the page announcements every so often, especially as the exam gets closer. Until the MBE Strategy Page is released, examinees should focus on my advice regarding MBE study/practice on the MBE Study page and the MBE Flash Exams page.

If the exam is near, I explain below how to utilize these MBE materials in a short period of time:

Click here to read more


• I have written rules for about 80% of the released NCBE questions (over 1,100 rules – see attached Sample Page-Prioritized MBE Rules.pdf). This will give you a lot of the law NCBE regards as important. This 86 page outline is also prioritized for the upcoming MBE exam, so the most important categories are first and the least important are last.

• I also have MP3s of these rules, although the most useful would be the rules for the OPE 1-4 exams (400 rules). These are the most recently released NCBE questions. According to a recent short article entitled Pedagogical Advice On Studying For The MBE by Susan M. Case, Ph.D. of NCBE, "[l]earning the material presented in the four OPEs should put you in a very good position to do well on the MBE." By reading these rules and also listening to MP3s of them, you will be forming multiple memory impressions to hopefully know them very well.

• My Seperac MBE Subject Matter Outlines are a great way to supplement your MBE study. If you don't have a good set of outlines for the exam, I strongly suggest you use mine and annotate them as necessary. For example, a subscriber who scored a 174 on the MBE in NY and then a 177 on the MBE in NJ told me: “… as far as the MBE is concerned, your outlines have been most useful since you emphasize the fine distinctions.”

• There is a Prioritized MBE Keyword Analysis Chart-Top 50 for when you are guessing on the MBE to tell you what words generally are frequently associated with correct answer choices and what words are rarely associated with correct answer choices.

• There is a 15-page MBE legal terminology list that contains explanations to over 200+ legal doctrines/terms. The purpose of the list is to efficiently familiarize examinees with the doctrines, rules, tests and legal terminology that appear in the MBE answer choices so examinees will not encounter a distractor they do not know. Examinees should give this list a few quick reads and make sure they understand all the HIGH and MEDIUM legal terms - it will probably save you from a few wrong answers on the MBE. For example, a foreign subscriber who passed July 2015 told me: “Specifically on the MBE side, I found your glossary (particularly because I do not have any US legal education background) and 40-odd page collation of MBE rules really helpful.”

• There are short answer MBE questions (Yes/No style). If you do not have time to answer these “MBE flashcard exams”, there is an MBE Flashcard Question List consisting of these 600 questions and answers in a condensed format, grouped by subject. Examinees who do not take the MBE Flashcard Exams should review these questions, as they represent the “nuances” you may see tested on the MBE.

• There is an MBE Rabbit Hole Category List to understand which MBE categories are worthy of your focus and which aren't. This list breaks down how much each of the 36 MBE categories is expected to contribute to your total UBE score (based on the expected distribution of questions on the MBE for the upcoming exam and the average score contributed by that category to the MEE since 2007).

• If you have the time, you can also study/read my older MBE Rules Outline (primarily based on Kaplan/Barbri questions).


NOTE: While the MBE materials are available through the full subscription, they are not yet available for purchase as a separate module.

MPT STUDY MODULE (CURRENTLY NOT AVAILABLE EXCEPT WITH A FULL SUBSCRIPTION)

The MPT Study module consists of MPT advice along with other helpful information and materials:

Click here to read more about the different Advice sections in the MPT module


As of December 2015, the MPT Page consists of approximately 43,000 words (about the same number of words as the Criminal Procedure outline in the BARBRI MBE outline book). The MPT page includes the following sections:

• Introduction
• MPT Announcements
• Explanation of the MPT
• MPT Study Time
• MPT Preparation
• ABCs of an MPT answer
• MPT Comparison
• How much to Write
• Shortest Passing MPTS
• MPT vs Essays
• Laptop vs. Handwriting
• MPT Downloads
• MPT Time Allocation
• MPT NCBE Advice
• MPT NYBOLE Advice
• Using the File/Library
• Outlining/MPT Matrix
• Annotating the MPT
• Disassembing Exambook
• MPT Formats


The MPT Study page contains an updated Seperac Multistate Performance Test Outline (8 pages) relevant to the current MPT - every subscriber should read this outline in its entirety and then re-review it every so often, including a day or so before the exam. For example, this outline breaks down the MPT universe so examinees know which jurisdiction's laws are controlling and contains the NCBE "better answer" tips all examinees should know before writing the MPT.

To help examinees quickly review the different formats tested on the MPT, I created a MPT Format Bible. A sample page from the index of the MPT Format Bible can be viewed here. This document (in WORD format or PDF format) contains each MPT tested on the New York Bar exam since July 2001 (when the MPT was first introduced). This MPT document should serve as your bible for learning MPT formats. The MPT Format Bible is intended to be an efficient means of learning the different MPT formats that have been tested in the past and understanding what is required for each MPT format. Each MPT contained in this document consists of a heading that contain statistical information on the MPT, an NCBE summary of the MPT question, and then two released NYBOLE above average answers for the MPT (which likely received scaled scores between 80-85). Even if your MPT analysis is poor, if the format is correct and properly structured, you can improve your MPT score.

The MPT Comparison is an essay bank of New York MPT answers is an excellent resource that does not exist anywhere else. This MPT Comparison examines a collection of 500+ graded MPTs (both handwritten and typed) and looks through them for matching words in phrases (minimum of 2 words). The reports contain the document text with the matching phrases underlined. The reports also show PDFs of the two MPTs you selected side-by-side. Examinees learn by example - reviewing a collection of graded MPTs helps you better understand the MPT. Put simply, good MPTs look like other good MPTs. Following are small samples of the February 2010 and July 2010 comparisons. The MPT Comparison will provide a voice inside your head regarding MPT format, style and length. For example, examinees should study the high scoring MPTs. I find that high scoring MPTs are generally consistent in style and format - they cite well, cite all the relevant cases/statutes, and analyze heavily.

NOTE: While the MPT materials are available through the full subscription, they are not yet available for purchase as a separate module.

MPT STRATEGY MODULE (CURRENTLY NOT AVAILABLE EXCEPT WITH A FULL SUBSCRIPTION)

The MEE Strategy Page is posted in early-January for February exams and early-June for July exams. Although certain aspects of a good MPT are innate (e.g. fast reading skills, fast writing skills, good reading comprehension skills), other aspects of a good MPT can be learned and controlled. The MPT Strategy Page contains comprehensive advise (23,000+ words) on how to efficiently assemble a "passing" MPT answer within the exam time constraints. The advice is based my tutoring over the years, my review of 500+ examinee MPT answers, and from speaking with the writers of unique MPTs (not just high-scoring MPTs, but also short MPTs that received good scores and good MPTs that received low scores). The MPT Strategy Page cannot be posted any sooner because the advice is modified after I review the most recent MPT answers and conduct followups. Thus, examinees should make sure to check the page announcements every so often, especially as the exam gets closer. Until the MPT Strategy Page is released, examinees should focus on my advice regarding MPT study and practice on the MPT Study page.

TO SUBSCRIBE

The materials, advice and strategies on the subscription site come from my review of the exams and post-exam analysis of bar examinee scores/essays over the past eight years. For some examinees, the subscription site helps them immensely. For example, a July 2016 subscriber who scored a 177.9 on the MEE/MPT (99.8% percentile among examinees nationwide) told me "Your MEE "master" and MPT outlines were lifesavers, as were your tips on study strategies/time management, so I am forever grateful!"

The greatest score increase I am aware of by a subscriber from one exam to the next is 135 points where a July 2013 subscriber passed the July 2013 exam after a 530 on the July 2012 exam (a final score of 530 on the pre-UBE NY bar exam translates to a total score of 212 on the UBE bar exam). Meanwhile, other examinees fail the exam despite subscribing. However, I genuinely believe that examinees that embrace the methodologies on the subscription site will improve their bar exam outcome.

The full subscription for the July 2017 exam is currently $400 (subject to change) and it is limited to 300 subscribers.

   


Please note that full subscribers must forward to me an unredacted copy of their July 2017 UBE exam application receipt email (the email subject is "Your Completed Application Receipt") in order to access the JULY 2017 UBE MASTER outline. Therefore, if providing your unredacted application receipt is problematic to you, you can still subscribe as a full subscriber, but you will not be able to receive the updated J17 UBE MASTER OUTLINE.

Click here to read about the explanation for this policy


My policy of requiring subscribers to submit an unredacted UBE Application Receipt for the upcoming exam before they can receive the updated UBE MASTER OUTLINE is intended to protect both subscribers and my materials. The purpose of the subscription site is to increase your odds of passing the UBE exam through my advice and materials. With each exam, I put a great deal of time and research into the UBE MASTER OUTLINE to keep it contextually and proportionately on point (for example, the J17 outline will be at least 25% different from the F17 outline) and I release it in an unprotected format so that examinees can fully utilize it (adding notes, changing the fonts, highlighting/color-coding, etc.). Accordingly, if someone shares this outline with others, each subscriber's odds of passing the exam go down. Subscribers to the subscription site must affirm that they will not sell or in any other way disseminate any of the copyrighted materials on the site. In the past, some subscribers violated these terms. For example, prior to implementing this policy, my material was being re-sold on craigslist, ebay, and asian ebay type sites (and probably other places I was unaware of). I was even told by multiple examinees that Chinese professors were using my material in their bar review classes. Thus, I use the application receipt to protect subscribers by confirming the legitimacy of each subscriber. Put simply, an examinee who is actually taking the upcoming exam is much less likely to sell/share the updated UBE MASTER OUTLINE with others because doing so negatively affects that examinee's odds of passing the exam. In contrast, if someone is not taking the exam but is merely tutoring other examinees, such a person would likely have no qualms about sharing my material (and such sharing is more likely to become wide-spread). Initially, I tried to accommodate the privacy concerns of subscribers by permitting subscribers to submit redacted application receipts. However, after receiving a number of counterfeit application receipts, I was forced to require that the application receipt to be unredacted so I can verify the examinee is submitting a legitimate application receipt for the upcoming exam. Please keep in mind that to subscribe, you must provide personal information about yourself (both through the subscription sign-up and through the payment processor). Thus, the only extra information I obtain from the UBE Application Receipt is your BOLE ID. As I discuss in more detail on the free site and the subscription site, I always hold an examinee’s identity strictly confidential (assuming they are not in violation of the subscription site's terms and conditions). In the past ten years, I have had thousands of examinees subscribe and/or send me their scores/essays to review and I have never had an examinee tell me that their identity was compromised in any way. Therefore, if providing your unredacted application receipt is problematic to you, you can still subscribe as a full subscriber, but you will not be able to receive the updated UBE MASTER OUTLINE when it is released.


Former subscribers can re-subscribe at a discounted price of $250, but resubscribers must first submit their application receipt to me at joe@seperac.com (meaning the earliest you can re-subscribe is when NYBOLE opens the application period on April 1). To receive this discount, re-subscribers must provide me with an unredacted copy of their UBE application receipt proving that they are taking the upcoming exam. Once I verify the application receipt and confirm that the prior subscription account information matches the UBE application receipt, I will send you a discount code they can use to receive the discounted rate. It bothers me to have to enact policies that make it harder for examinees to prepare for the exam, but unfortunately this is a situation where a few bad apples truly spoiled it for the bunch. Please also note that if I have a problem verifying your BOLE ID, you will be required to submit more information to prove your identity before you can receive the discount.

Regardless as to whether you subscribe, I have a post-exam questionnaire for examinees:
http://seperac.com/postexamform.php

If you take the exam and think you may not have passed, filling out this form immediately after you take the exam (while the information is still fresh in your mind) can help you later. For example, using this information, I track the key details of your attempt, so if you later find that you failed the exam, I will try to match your responses/statistics to whoever previously submitted the most comparable details (and later passed) to give you their advice on what worked for them.

In addition, the Seperac UBE Score Estimator will give you a good idea of your odds of passing based on the demographic and grade information you enter.

Email Notification List

If you want to be put on the FEBRUARY 2018 email notification list, please submit your name and email address below. To anyone on the list, I will send out email updates between August 2017-February 2018 based on the following events: (1) enrollment to the subscription site for the February 2018 exam opens; (2) new modules are available; (3) coupon codes are issued for a module; (4) the UBE MASTER outline is released; and (5) tutoring enrollment. Please note that this is merely a notification list - it is not a waiting list.

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If you have any questions, email me at joe@seperac.com.


 
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